Despite the recent interest in terrorism in northern Africa - particularly after the Salafist Group for Combat and Preaching (GSPC) announced its official alignment toal Qa`eda and changed its name to al-Qa`eda in the Land of the Islamic Maghreb (AQLIM) - the threat of terrorism to the three countries under review (Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia) has been a reality since their independence in the 1950s and 1960s. A historical assessment is essential to understand the magnitude of the threat, the underlying causes and the role-players. It is only when one appreciates the complexities in each of the three countries that one can explain the latest developments, including the name change and the role of Algerian, Moroccan and Tunisian nationals in transnational terrorism.
Nickels, Benjamin P. 2010. "Anneli Botha, Terrorism in the Maghreb: The Transnationalisation of Domestic Terrorism (Pretoria/Tshwane: Institute for Security Studies)." Rev of Terrorism in the Maghreb: The Transnationalisation of Domestic Terrorism. Perspectives on Terrorism (January): 4:56-57.