The article will describe the general Islamic approach on energy based on the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad, as well as the writings of prominent Muslim thinkers. Then it will examine and compare the energy perspectives of four Islamist groups: Hizballah, Hizb ut-Tahrir, the Muslim Brotherhood, and Al Qaeda. It will be argued that Islamist groups have attempted to achieve their external energy objectives by either using violence or exercising political blackmail against their opponents. Moreover, Islamists have developed globalized, glocalized, or localized “scale of engagement,” depending on the targeted audience. Finally, the article will examine the security implications stemming from Islamists’ interest in energy issues.
Karagiannis, Emmanuel. 2014. "Comparative Islamist Perspectives on the Politics of Energy in the Middle East and Beyond." Studies in Conflict & Terrorism (July): 619-637. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1057610X.2014.921765#.VFpnsRBT5YE.