A Department of Homeland Security Center of Excellence led by the University of Maryland

A consortium of researchers dedicated to improving the understanding of the human causes and consequences of terrorism

A Context-Centred, Root Cause Analysis of Contemporary Terrorism

A Context-Centred, Root Cause Analysis of Contemporary Terrorism


This study aims at: (1) identifying root causes and other causal factors of terrorism; (2) exploring recent shifts in terrorist activity and; (3) proposing a context-centered framework for deterring terrorism risk.

The first part of this research is based on extensive up-to-date observations made by the author and extracted from real-life settings and social interactions. The second part is based on a survey questionnaire reflecting public views on terrorism and related issues.

Terrorism risk is increasingly becoming a major concern of all societies including Jordanian. The results revealed that terrorism is context-related and that there are several and different root causes for this phenomenon. Many other causal factors have the potential to increase the impact or probability of terrorism risk in Jordan. The existing framework(s) for deterring terrorism risk in Jordan is not adequate and need to be reformed extensively.

This study provides insight to the root causes of potential terrorist activity in Jordan, as well as other causal factors. It is expected to establish a foundation for policy and decision makers to start considering causes of social unrest and subsequently develop appropriate frameworks for mitigating terrorism risk.

Publication Information

Full Citation: 

Sawalha, Ihab Hanna. 2017. "A Context-Centred, Root Cause Analysis of Contemporary Terrorism." Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal 26. http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1108/DPM-07-2016-0140

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