The innovative ways that foreign fighters in Syria and Iraq are leveraging social media and mobile apps to recruit aspirational supporters in the West reveal what is actually a paradigm shift occurring within the global jihadist movement, away from the organization-centric model advanced by Al-Qaida, to a movement unhindered by organizational structures. Counterterrorism policy and practice must rethink the way it approaches countering online radicalization.
Brachman, Jarret. 2014. "Transcending Organization: Individuals and 'The Islamic State.'" START Analytical Brief. College Park, Maryland. June. http://www.start.umd.edu/pubs/START_TranscendingOrganizationIndividualsandtheIslamicState_AnalyticalBrief_June2014.pdf