A Department of Homeland Security Center of Excellence led by the University of Maryland

Crime and Terrorism


Crime and Terrorism

Project Title Investigators Project Period
Global Terrorism Database (GTD) Erin Miller, Gary LaFree, Laura Dugan June, 2008 to June, 2018
Patterns of U.S. Extremist Crime Jeff Gruenewald, Joshua Freilich, Steven Chermak, William Parkin July, 2012 to December, 2017
Developing Integrated Radiological and Nuclear Detection Architecture for the Interior and International Mission Space Steve Sin, Marcus A. Boyd September, 2016 to September, 2017
The Terrorism and Extremist Violence in the United States (TEVUS) Database Gary LaFree, Brent Smith, Joshua Freilich, Steven Chermak, Erin Miller, William Braniff, Kathleen Smarick March, 2009 to June, 2017
Executive Forum for Countering Improvised Explosive Devices (C-IEDs) William Braniff June, 2016 to May, 2017
Anti-Terrorism Program: Executive Forum for Foreign Fighters – Development William Braniff September, 2016 to March, 2017
Geospatial Analysis of Terror Finance Marcus A. Boyd July, 2015 to July, 2016
International and Regional Architecture Reports Brandon Behlendorf, Emily Iarocci, Gary Ackerman, Steve Sin May, 2012 to September, 2015
Organized and/or Transnational Crime/Drug Cartel Nexus with Illicit Radiological/Nuclear Trade, Smuggling and/or Terrorism in Europe and North, Sahelian and West Africa Amy Pate, John Sawyer, Marcus A. Boyd, Steve Sin September, 2013 to March, 2015
Building a Unified Infrastructure for Data Integration on Political Violence and Conflict Brandon Behlendorf, Gary LaFree January, 2013 to August, 2014
U.S. Crime-Terror Nexus: Terrorist Networks & Trade Diversion Joshua Freilich, Steven Chermak, Roberta Belli July, 2012 to December, 2013
The Threat of Pakistani Criminal Organizations: Assessing the Potential for Involvement in Radiological/Nuclear Smuggling, Collaboration with Terrorist Groups and the Potential to Destabilize the Pakistani State Amy Pate, Gary Ackerman April, 2012 to July, 2012
United States Extremist Crime Database (ECDB), 1990-2010 Joshua Freilich, Roberta Belli, Steven Chermak June, 2008 to October, 2011
Police Responses to Terrorism: Lessons from the Israeli Experience David Weisburd June, 2009 to May, 2010
Distinctive Characteristics of Terrorist Groups Gary LaFree, Laura Dugan January, 2005 to June, 2009
Radicalization of U.S. Prisoners Bert Useem, Obie Clayton June, 2005 to May, 2009
Creation of a Database of U.S. Extremist Crime, 1990-2005 Joshua Freilich, Steven Chermak June, 2007 to January, 2009
Extremist Crime Database Related Projects Joshua Freilich, Steven Chermak
Project Title Publication Date START Authors Publication Type
Exploring the U.S. Crime-Terror Nexus: Terrorist Networks and Trade Diversion October 2014 Freilich, Joshua; Belli, Roberta; Chermak, Steven Research Brief
"I'm down for a Jihad": How 100 Years of Gang Research can Inform the Study of Terrorism, Radicalization and Extremism February 2015 Journal Article
A Mixed-Method Analysis of Fatal Attacks on Policy by Far-Right Extremists December 2015 Gruenewald, Jeff; Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven Journal Article
A Surveillance Banner on Compromised Computer Systems Reduces Hackers’ Active Engagement July 2015 Maimon, David Research Brief
An Overview of the Domestic Far-right and its Criminal Activities November 2008 Gruenewald, Jeffrey; Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven Book Chapter
Analysis of Factors Leading to Hate Crime and Terrorism November 2012 Rethemeyer, R. Karl; King, Ryan; Asal, Victor Report
Analysis of Factors Related to Hate Crime and Terrorism December 2012 Deloughery, Kathleen; Rethemeyer, R. Karl; King, Ryan; Asal, Victor Report
Animal and Environmental Rights Extremists and Crime: Setting Forth a Research Agenda November 2009 Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven Book Chapter
Bringing Criminology into the Study of Terrorism January 2017 LaFree, Gary; Freilich, Joshua Book Chapter
Build a Criminal Justice Policy for Terrorism February 2007 LaFree, Gary Journal Article
Causes and Consequences of Terrorism in Africa November 2014 Journal Article
Children of Terrorism Survivors: Physiological Reactions Seven Years following a Terrorist Incident January 2014 Pfefferbaum, Betty Book Chapter
Cigarette smuggling and terrorism financing November 2013 Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven Book Chapter
Close Cousins or Distance Relatives? The Relationship Between Terrorism and Hate Crime October 2012 Deloughery, Kathleen; King, Ryan; Asal, Victor Journal Article
Comparative configurational analysis as a two-mode network problem: A study of terrorist group engagement in the drug trade May 2013 Rethemeyer, R. Karl; Breiger, Ronald Journal Article
Cooperation and Drug Policies: Trends in Peru in the Twenty-First Century December 2014 Koven, Barnett S. Book Chapter
Countering the Inhumane: Modeling Probable Pathways for Human Smuggling and Trafficking Along the U.S.-Mexico Border May 2015 Behlendorf, Brandon; Zhuang, Jun; Johns, Mila Research Brief
County-Level Correlates of Terrorist Attacks in the United States November 2014 Bersani, Bianca; LaFree, Gary Journal Article
Crime Terror Alliances and the State. Ethnonationalist and Islamist Challenges to Regional Security May 2013 Book
Criminal Justice & Military Deaths at the Hands of Extremists November 2016 Gruenewald, Jeff; Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven; Parkin, William Background Report
Criminal Pasts, Terrorist Futures: European Jihadists and the New Crime-Terror Nexus December 2016 Neumann, Peter Journal Article
Criminology Theory and Terrorism June 2015 LaFree, Gary; Freilich, Joshua Book
Criminology Theory and Terrorism: New Applications and Approaches July 2015 LaFree, Gary; Freilich, Joshua Book
Criminology, Terrorism, and Seredipity June 2015 LaFree, Gary Book Chapter
Cut from the Same Cloth? A Comparative Study of Domestic Extremists and Gang Members in the United States May 2017 LaFree, Gary; James, Patrick Journal Article
Disrupting Terrorist Assassinations Through Situational Crime Prevention July 2017 Freilich, Joshua Journal Article
Effect of Intelligence Collection Training on Suspicious Activity Recognition by Front Line Police Officers May 2015 Regens, James Journal Article
Examining Systematic Crime Reporting Bias Across Three Immigrant Generations: Prevalence, Trends, and Divergence in Self-Reported and Official Reported Arrests July 2016 Bersani, Bianca Journal Article
Exploring the Crime-Terror Nexus in the United States: A Social Network Analysis of a Hezbollah Network Involved in Trade Diversion October 2015 Freilich, Joshua; Belli, Roberta; Chermak, Steven Journal Article
Extreme Hatred: Revisiting the Hate Crime and Terrorism Relationship to Determine Whether They Are "Close Cousins" or "Distant Relatives" December 2015 Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven Journal Article
Financial Crime and Material Support Schemes Linked to al-Qa'ida and Affiliated Movements (AQAM) in the United States: 1990 to June 2014 November 2014 Sullivan, Brandon; Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven Report
Financial Crime and Material Support Schemes Linked to al-Qa'ida and Affiliated Movements (AQAM) in the United States: 1990 to June 2014 December 2014 Sullivan, Brandon; Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven Research Brief
Financial Crime and Political Extremism in the U.S. January 2012 Freilich, Joshua; Belli, Roberta; Chermak, Steven Research Brief
Financial Crimes Perpetrated by Far-Right Extremists in the United States: 1990-2013 June 2015 Sullivan, Brandon; Gruenewald, Jeff; Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven; Parkin, William Research Brief
Geospatial Patterns of Precurrsor Behavior among Terrorists June 2011 Smith, Brent; Damphousse, Kelly; Fitzpatrick, Kevin; Roberts, Paxton Report
Gray Zone Crises in MENA and Eastern Europe March 2017 Ellis, Devin; Murauskaite, Egle; Wilkenfeld, Jonathan; Capps, Ron Research Brief
Hezbollah's Global Tentacles: A Relational Approach to Convergence with Transnational Organised Crime November 2015 Leuprecht, Christian Journal Article
How Does Leadership Decapitation Affect Violence? The Case of Drug Trafficking Organizations in Mexico April 2015 Phillips, Brian Journal Article
How Does Studying Terrorism Compare to Studying Crime? November 2003 LaFree, Gary; Dugan, Laura Book Chapter
How Has Criminology Contributed to the Study of Terrorism since 9/11? September 2015 LaFree, Gary; Dugan, Laura Journal Article
How Many Suicide Terrorists are Suicidal? August 2014 McCauley, Clark Journal Article
How Women Engage Homegrown Terrorism April 2014 Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven Journal Article
Illegal Roaming and File Manipulation on Target Computers: Assessing the Effect of Sanction Threats on System Trespassers’ Online Behaviors August 2017 Maimon, David Journal Article
Implementing Intelligence-Led Policing: An Application of Loose-Coupling Theory December 2014 Carter, Jeremy Journal Article
Intelligence Analysis within U.S. Law Enforcement Agencies: Empirical Insights from a National Sample August 2014 Carter, Jeremy Journal Article
Introducing the Special Issue on New Directions in Terrorism Research May 2015 Freilich, Joshua Journal Article
Introducing the United States Extremist Crime Database (ECDB) January 2014 Gruenewald, Jeff; Freilich, Joshua; Belli, Roberta; Chermak, Steven; Parkin, William Journal Article
Introduction: Understanding Police Innovation November 2005 Weisburd, David Book Chapter
Investigating the Applicability of Macro-Level Criminology Theory to Terrorism: A County-Level Analysis November 2014 Adamczyk, Amy; Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven; Parkin, William Journal Article
Leadership protection in drug-trafficking networks February 2015 Journal Article
Local Approaches to Counterterrorism: The New York Police Department Model August 2014 Dahl, Erik Journal Article
Los Zetas and Proprietary Radio Network Development March 2016 Halverson, James Journal Article
Maritime Security Initiatives: A Paper Tiger or a Concrete Solution? November 2016 Sin, Steve Journal Article
Nuclear Smuggling and Threats to Lithuanian Security December 2016 Murauskaite, Egle Journal Article
Perspectives on Cybersecurity Information Sharing among Multiple Stakeholders Using a Decision-Theoretic Approach August 2017 Zhuang, Jun Journal Article
Piracy and Counter-Piracy Cooperation in Southeast Asia (2000-2014) July 2015 Tippin, Garett; Stevenson, John
Policing Terrorism, Crime Control, and Police-Community Relations: Learning from the Israeli Experience July 2014 Weisburd, David Book
Politics, Culture, and Political Crime: Covariates of Abortion Clinic Attacks in the United States May 2007 Freilich, Joshua Journal Article
Prosecuting Terrorism: Challenges in the Post-9/11 World September 2015 Smith, Brent; Damphousse, Kelly Journal Article
Protocol: Increased Police Patrol Presence Effects on Crime and Disorder July 2016 Weisburd, David Journal Article
Reducing the Gap in Perceptions of Legitimacy of Victims and Non-victims: The Importance of Police Performance April 2016 Weisburd, David Journal Article
Research Brief: Validation of the Nationwide Suspicious Activity Reporting (SAR) Initiative March 2015 Smith, Brent; Gruenewald, Jeffrey; Freilich, Joshua; Roberts, Paxton; Chermak, Steven; Parkin, William Research Brief
Research Highlight: Understanding Lone-actor Terrorism -- A Comparative Analysis with Violent Hate Crimes and Group-based Terrorism October 2013 Deloughery, Kathleen; King, Ryan; Asal, Victor Research Brief
Rethinking Alternative Development December 2015 Koven, Barnett S. Journal Article
Review of M.S. Hamm: Terrorism as crime: From Oklahoma City to Al Qaeda and Beyond. January 2009 Freilich, Joshua Book Review
Routine Activities and Right-Wing Extremists: An Empirical Comparison of the Victims of Ideologically Motivated and Non-Ideologically Motivated Homicides Committed by American Far-Rightists August 2015 Freilich, Joshua; Parkin, William Journal Article
Structural Differences of Violent Extremist Offenders in Correctional Settings June 2015 Leuprecht, Christian Journal Article
Terrorism and Counterfeiting: A Synopsis of Critical Issues and Research Opportunities November 2009 Freilich, Joshua; Weine, Stevan Book Chapter
Terrorist and Non-Terrorist Criminal Attacks by Radical Environmental and Animal Rights Groups in the United States, 1970–2007 March 2012 LaFree, Gary; Dugan, Laura Journal Article
Terrorist behavior in hostage taking: Policy issues and research directions October 2006 Wilson, Margaret Book Chapter
Terrorist Threats and Police Performance November 2009 Weisburd, David Journal Article
Terrorists Next Door? A Comparison of Mexican Drug Cartels and Middle Eastern Terrorist Organizations March 2012 Flanigan, Shawn Journal Article
Testing a Rational Choice Model of Airline Hijackings November 2005 LaFree, Gary; Dugan, Laura Journal Article
The Differential Risk of Retaliation by Relational Distance: A More General Model of Violent Victimization March 2005 Dugan, Laura Journal Article
The Evolution of Peru’s Shining Path and the New Security Priorities in the Hemisphere February 2015 Koven, Barnett S. Book Chapter
The Growing Importance of Criminology in the Study of Terrorism November 2007 LaFree, Gary Journal Article
The Handbook of the Criminology of Terrorism November 2016 LaFree, Gary; Freilich, Joshua Book
The Impact of State Laws Protecting Abortion Clinics and Reproductive Rights on Crimes against Abortion Providers: Deterrence, Backlash, or Neither? July 2007 Freilich, Joshua Journal Article
The Nexus between Terrorism and U.S. Product Counterfeiting July 2014 Sullivan, Brandon; Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven Research Brief
The Obama Administration and Peru February 2016 Koven, Barnett S. Book Chapter
The Perils of Simultaneous COIN and Counternarcotics in Peru and Colombia April 2014 Koven, Barnett S. Journal Article
The Reemergence of the Shining Path February 2010 Koven, Barnett S. Journal Article
The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the Development of Narco-Submarines March 2016 Jacome, Michelle Journal Article
The Trust Paradox in Nuclear Smuggling December 2015 Murauskaite, Egle Journal Article
The “New” Face of Transnational Crime Organizations (TCOs): A Geopolitical Perspective and Implications to U.S. National Security May 2013 Pate, Amy; Ackerman, Gary; Johns, Mila White Paper
To Bribe or to Bomb: Do Corruption and Terrorism Go Together? October 2015 Chenoweth, Erica Book Chapter
Transnational Illicit Trafficking (TransIT) Geospatial Tool March 2016 Boyd, Marcus; Sin, Steve Project Fact Sheet
Understanding Community Responses to Authority/Law Enforcement Minority-Outreach Intergroup Communication Frames July 2016 Glasford, Demis Research Brief
Understanding Lone-actor Terrorism: A Comparative Analysis with Violent Hate Crimes and Group-based Terrorism September 2013 Deloughery, Kathleen; King, Ryan; Asal, Victor Report
Unholy Alliances: Evidence on Linkages between Trans-State Terrorism and Crime Networks: The Case of Bosnia June 2010 Mincheva, Lyubov Book Chapter
Unholy Alliances? How Trans-state Terrorism and International Crime Make Common Cause March 2006 Gurr, Ted Robert Conference Paper
Video Surveillance and Counterterrorism: The Application of Suspicious Activity Recognition in Visual Surveillance Systems to Counterterrorism August 2014 Regens, James Journal Article
War Versus Criminal Justice in Responding to Terrorism: The Losing Logic of Torture November 2008 McCauley, Clark Book Chapter
Weapon Choice and American Political Violence: A Comparison of Terrorists and Other Felons in Federal Custody August 2009 Legault, Richard Journal Article
What Do The Dead Say? The Architecture of Salvific Discourses in Post-Genocide Rwanda June 2015 Stevenson, John Journal Article
When Politicians Sell Drugs: Examining Why Middle East Ethnopolitical Organizations Are Involved in the Drug Trade March 2012 Deloughery, Kathleen; Asal, Victor Journal Article
When Terrorists Go Bad: Analyzing Terrorist Organizations' Involvement in Drug Smuggling November 2014 Milward, H. Brinton; Asal, Victor Journal Article
’Unholy Alliances’: How Transnational Terrorists and Crime Make Common Cause November 2010 Mincheva, Lyubov Book Chapter
Title
New study examines FARC’s development of narco-submarines
Designing Danger: Complex Engineering by Violent Non-State Actors
Is This Terrorism? / Why Does It Matter?
The Audacity of Hype: Why International Cooperation will easily defeat Piracy in Southeast Asia
Research finds probable pathways and chokepoints for human smuggling along U.S.-Mexico border
Financing terrorism through trade diversion
START Director's China visit opens door for future scholarly collaboration
A closer look at the 2,600 terrorist attacks in US, 1970-2012
START Newsletter: Global terrorism increasing; GTD 2012 dataset released; New cyber research
Study finds that warning banners deter hackers
Background Report: Truck carrying radioactive material stolen in Mexico
START adds third course to summer line-up
START researchers available to discuss radioactive material stolen in Mexico
Discussion Point: The Benefits and Drawbacks of Methodological Advancements in Data Collection and Coding: Insights from the Global Terrorism Database (GTD)
JOB OPPORTUNITY: Junior Researcher, Global Terrorism Database
START Newsletter: Intelligence and security; perspectives on terrorism; Hezbollah; 'big data' and coding
Discussion Point: Embrace "Big Data," but don't ignore the human element in data coding
START seeking 2014 Outstanding Article Award nominations
JOB OPPORTUNITY: Data Collection Manager
Violent hate crimes offer insights into lone-actor terrorism
JOB OPPORTUNITY: Hourly Research Assistant, Failure Points in Smuggling Networks
START Symposium showcases impactful research, datasets
Researcher Spotlight: Jeff Gruenewald
Researcher Spotlight: Ronald Breiger
Hybrid political criminal organizations pose RN smuggling threat
START study assesses attacks by environmental and animal rights extremists
Assessing the likelihood of Hate Crime in wake of Boston Attacks
Americans more likely to think about terrorism than violent crime
Call for papers for a special issue of Terrorism and Political Violence on "Criminological approaches to the study of terrorism"
START researchers present work on transnational criminal organizations, terrorism and radiological/nuclear (RN) smuggling
Researcher Spotlight: Kelly Damphousse
Research Roundtable event features START researcher Brandon Behlendorf
LaFree gives talk at Conference on Intelligence and Security Informatics
LaFree recognized as field leader by American Society of Criminology
Top-ranked criminology journal features START research
Urban U.S. counties hot spots of terror, but rural areas are not exempt
New research examines financial crime and political extremism
START Investigators Present Research at National Conference
Now Hiring: Senior Researcher, Terrorism and Counterterrorism
REPORT RELEASE: ICSR/START Report on Prison Radicalisation to be Launched at New York Summit
Applications Being Accepted for START's Graduate Certificate in Terrorism Studies
New Dataset on Ethnically Based Organizations Released
START Researcher Awarded Stockholm Prize in Criminology
New, Updated Data on Global Terrorist Activity Now Available
START Welcomes New Advisory Board Member
START Announces Fellowships for 2005-06
START Hosts DHS Faculty/Student Research Teams
Image Title Job Title Institution
Aaron Safer-Lichtenstein

Graduate Assistant, START

University of Maryland
Amy Pate Amy Pate

Research Director, START

University of Maryland
Andrew Godard Andrew Godard

Project Manager/Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Photo of Barnett Koven Barnett S. Koven

Senior Researcher, START

Affiliated Scholar, The Jack D. Gordon Institute for Public Policy at Florida International University

University of Maryland
Bo Jiang, START Bo Jiang

Graduate Research Assistant, START

University of Maryland
Brandon Behlendorf Brandon Behlendorf

Assistant Director for Research Development/Senior Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Brandon Sullivan Brandon Sullivan

Assistant Professor

Michigan State University
Brian Johnson

Assistant Professor of Criminology & Criminal Justice

University of Maryland
Brian Phillips Brian Phillips

Assistant Professor

Center for Research and Teaching in Economics (CIDE), Mexico City
Christian Leuprecht

Professor

Royal Military College
David Hofmann David Hofmann

Assistant Professor of Sociology/Criminology

Senior Research Affiliate – The Canadian Network of Research on Terrorism, Security, and Society (TSAS)

SUNY Polytechnic Institute
David Weisburd David Weisburd

Distinguished Professor and Walter E Meyer Professor of Law and Criminal Justice

George Mason University
Erik Dahl Erik Dahl

Associate Professor of National Security Affairs

Naval Postgraduate School
Gary LaFree

Director, START; Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice

University of Maryland
James Halverson

Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Jeff Gruenewald

Associate Professor

Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis
Jeremy G. Carter

Associate Professor and Director of Criminal Justice, School of Public and Environmental Affairs

Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis
Joseph Oudin

Senior Faculty Specialist, Global Terrorism Database, START

University of Maryland
Joshua Freilich

Professor

John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York
Joshua House

GIS Coordinator, START

University of Maryland
Joyce Rasing

Graduate Education Coordinator, START

University of Maryland
Karina Panyan

Research Assistant, Global Terrorism Database (GTD), START

University of Maryland
Kieran Quinlan

Faculty Research Assistant, START

University of Maryland
Laura Dugan Laura Dugan

Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice

University of Maryland
Lyubov Mincheva

Executive Director, Graduate Program in International Relations and Security Studies

University of Sofia, Bulgaria
Marcus A. Boyd

Senior Researcher, GIS, START

University of Maryland
Mary Michael

Research Assistant, START

University of Maryland
Michael Distler

Graduate Assistant, START

University of Maryland
Michael Jensen Michael Jensen

Senior Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Omi Hodwitz

Assistant Professor

University of Idaho
START Researcher Patrick James Patrick James

Project Manager/Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Peter Simi

Associate Professor, Chapman University

Director, Earl Babbie Research Center

Chapman University
Peter Weinberger Peter Weinberger

Senior Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Prabhakar Misra Prabhakar Misra

Professor of Physics

Howard University
Rashmi Singh Rashmi Singh

Associate Professor

The Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais
Rebecca (Becca) Earnhardt

Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Roberta Belli

  Security Information Analyst, United Nations Department of Safety and Security

United Nations Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS)
Ryan King Ryan D. King

Associate Professor of Criminology

The Ohio State University
Sarah Spalding Sarah Spalding

Researcher/Analyst, START

University of Maryland
Sharad Joshi

Assistant Professor, Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey

Associate Fellow of International Security, Chatham House

Monterey Institute of International Studies
Shawn Flanigan Shawn Flanigan

Professor of Public Affairs

San Diego State University
Sheehan Kane

Faculty Research Assistant, START

University of Maryland
Steve Sin

Senior Researcher, START

Subject Matter Expert Instructor, National Center for Security & Preparedness

University of Maryland
Thomas R. Guarrieri

Senior Researcher, Unconventional Weapons & Technology (UWT) Division, START

University of Maryland
Victor Asal

Associate Professor of Political Science and Chair of Public Administration

University at Albany, State University of New York
Will Kammerer William Kammerer

Senior Faculty Specialist, START

University of Maryland
Image Abbreviation Title Direct Link
GTD Global Terrorism Database (GTD)
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