PKK/Kongra-Gel (People's Congress of Kurdistan) was the official name adopted by the Kurdistan Worker's Party (PKK) from late 2003 until April 2005. The group had changed its name from PKK to the Kurdistan Freedom and Democracy Congress in 2002, then to the Kurdistan People's Congress in 2003. The series of name changes was an attempt to broaden the group's appeal among Kurds and distance themselves from their Marxist beginnings.
PKK/Kongra-Gel reverted to their original name, the Kurdistan Worker's Party, in early 2005. The group is suspected of conducting several bombings in Turkey in the summer of 2005. Some press reports still use Kongra-Gel as the group's name. In response to the renewed violence, the Turkish military initiated a 10,000-troop operation against the PKK and other terrorist groups in Eastern Turkey in October 2005.