HuM uses magazine ads and pamphlets to collect donations from Pakistanis and Kashmiris. Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), Pakistan's external intelligence agency, also contributes to the organization's funding. HuM is also invested in legal businesses,
The Harakat ul-Mujahidin (HuM) was formed in 1985 by a breakaway faction of Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami (HuJI), an anti-Soviet Islamic group. The HuM was part of the jihad against Soviet forces protecting the Communist regime in Afghanistan. When Soviet forces withdrew from Afghanistan in 1989, the group turned its attention to terrorist activity in Jammu and Kashmir with the support of the Pakistani government. In 1993, under the guidance of Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), Pakistan's external intelligence agency, the HuM reunited with HuJI to form a new organization, Harkat-ul-Ansar (HuA). In 1997, the United States identified HuA as a Foreign Terrorist Organization. In order to avoid the sanctions connected with this designation, the HuA changed its name back to Harakat ul-Mujahidin. (See chart, Image 1)
Initially, the HuM's objective was the organization of humanitarian relief for the Afghan refugees in the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) of Pakistan. Since the end of the Afghan war, HuM has continued to wage Jihad against secular Muslim governments and the West. The group's main objective today is to continue the armed struggle against non-believers and "anti-Islamic forces." The organization seeks Kashmir's secession from India and accession to Pakistan to create a pan-Islamic entity.