A Department of Homeland Security Center of Excellence led by the University of Maryland

BAAD - Haqqani Network - 2012


Haqqani Network

Although it is unclear when the Haqqani Network (HQN) was officially formed, its founder and its roots can be traced back to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Jalaluddin Haqqani, the founder of HQN, was a leader of one of the more radical mujahedeen factions during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, Hizb-e Islami.[2] Jalaluddin joined with the Afghan Taliban as it grew in strength during the 1990s, although schisms between fighters loyal to Haqqani and the Taliban occasionally flared up.[3] Following the collapse of the Taliban government in 2001, the Haqqani family fled to Waziristan, effectively moving their command center to the tribal regions of Pakistan.[4] From this position, Haqqani extended the network’s reach further into Pakistan, which many locals seemed to embrace due to Jalaluddin’s history.[5]

By the middle of 2005 it is believed that Jalaluddin’s son, Sirajuddin Haqqani, took over most operations.[6] Since his move into power, Sirajuddin has orchestrated major attacks within Afghanistan to disrupt any U.S. interests.[7] The network’s most notable attack was a day-long siege in 2011 on the U.S. embassy and NATO headquarters in Kabul which killed more than 16 people.[8] HQN was weakened in 2012 with the death of Badruddin Haqqani, son of Jalaluddin and brother of Sirajuddin, who operated as the group’s operational commander.[9] The United States. continued to conduct drone strikes in Pakistan against Haqqani operatives with some success, killing the network’s second in command, Waliur Rahman, in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in 2013.[10] On October 31, 2014, an American drone strike in South Waziristan killed Abdullah Haqqani along with six other militants.[11] View full narrative

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Legend

Primary Ideology

  • Ag = Anti-Globalization
  • An = Anarchist
  • En = Ethnic
  • Ev = Environmental
  • Le = Leftist
  • Re = Religious
  • Ri = Rightist
  • Se = Separatist
  • Su = Supremacist
  • Vi = Vigilante

Relationship

  •  Ally
  •  Suspected Ally
  •  Rival
  •  Violence
  •  Mixed Relations

Lethality

  •  Blue 0 - 1479 fatalities
  •  Green 1479 - 2958 fatalities
  •  Yellow 2958 - 4437 fatalities
  •  Orange 4437 - 5916 fatalities
  •  Red 5916 - 7396 fatalities

Lethality is calculated as the total number of fatalities from 1998-2012.

Strength

Icon sizes depict approximate relative sizes of the organizations.

  • Smallest 0 - 10 members
  •   11 - 100 members
  •   101 - 1000 members
  •   1001 - 10000 members
  • Largest > 10000 members

Other Notes

Icons with no color coding or ideology icon have no detailed data at this time, and are provided as relationship information only.