A Department of Homeland Security Emeritus Center of Excellence led by the University of Maryland

BAAD - Supreme Council For Islamic Revolution In Iraq (Sciri) - 2007


Supreme Council For Islamic Revolution In Iraq (Sciri)

The Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI) is one of the most powerful Shiite political parties in Iraq. SCIRI was founded in 1982 by Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim and his older brother, Muhammad Baqer al-Hakim, when they were in exile in Iran, with the support of that government.[2] SCIRI advocates for the creation of a separate, Shiite controlled region in southern Iraq as well as political control in Iraq’s government.[3] The Badr Brigade (SCIRI’s military wing) had tens of thousands of men trained in Iran and fought alongside Iranian troops during the Iraq-Iran war, which lasted from 1980 through 1988. In 1991, thousands of troops in the Badr Brigade went to Iraq to support the Shiite rebellion in the south.[4]
In 2002 Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim led a SCIRI delegation in Washington D.C. to deliberate with Bush administration officials, although they publicly opposed a foreign invasion in Iraq. In 2003 the Badr Brigade encountered pressure from the United States to disband its 10,000 troops and SCIRI announced that the Badr Brigades would be turned into a civilian unit.[5] In September 2003 the Badr Brigade changed its name to the Badr Organization of Reconstruction and Development.[6] In 2003 Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim became the president of the United States-led Governing council of Iraq. [7]
After this point, the SCIRI shifted from a militant rebellion group to an Iraqi political party with the objective of encompassing all Shiite groups.[8]In the 2005 elections, the first since Saddam Hussein’s fall from power, several SCIRI leaders were elected to seats in government after Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim formed an alliance of Shiite parties. In 2007 SCIRI changed its name to the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council (SIIC).[9] The group removed the word revolution from their name in order to gain wider political appeal from nationalist Iraqi people and United States officials.[10] Since 2008, SCIRI has had its primary political base in southern Iraq where its members control a majority of the provincial governments.[11] As of 2014, Hadi al-Ameri is the leader of the reformed Badr Organization.[12] View full narrative

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Legend

Primary Ideology

  • Ag = Anti-Globalization
  • An = Anarchist
  • En = Ethnic
  • Ev = Environmental
  • Le = Leftist
  • Re = Religious
  • Ri = Rightist
  • Se = Separatist
  • Su = Supremacist
  • Vi = Vigilante

Relationship

  •  Ally
  •  Suspected Ally
  •  Rival
  •  Violence
  •  Mixed Relations

Lethality

  •  Blue 0 - 1479 fatalities
  •  Green 1479 - 2958 fatalities
  •  Yellow 2958 - 4437 fatalities
  •  Orange 4437 - 5916 fatalities
  •  Red 5916 - 7396 fatalities

Lethality is calculated as the total number of fatalities from 1998-2012.

Strength

Icon sizes depict approximate relative sizes of the organizations.

  • Smallest 0 - 10 members
  •   11 - 100 members
  •   101 - 1000 members
  •   1001 - 10000 members
  • Largest > 10000 members

Other Notes

Icons with no color coding or ideology icon have no detailed data at this time, and are provided as relationship information only.