In the aftermath of a series of deadly terrorist attacks in Baghdad and Kabul involving vehicle bombs, START has compiled information from the Global Terrorism Database (GTD) on terrorism in Iraq and Afghanistan and the use of explosives— particularly vehicle-borne explosives and suicide tactics—in terrorist attacks.

As illustrated in Figure 1, terrorist violence in Iraq and Afghanistan has accounted for a substantial proportion of terrorism worldwide in the 21st century. The total number of deaths caused by terrorist attacks in these two countries comprised nearly half (46%) of all fatalities worldwide between 2004 and 2016.1 During this period, 13 percent of the fatalities from terrorist attacks in Iraq and 15 percent of the fatalities from terrorist attacks in Afghanistan resulted from attacks against combatant targets.

 

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