Incident Summary:

1/26/1970: Unknown African American assailants, unsatisfied with the courts decision on desegregation, threw a stick of dynamite at the Clay County Courthouse in West Point, Mississippi, United States. There were no injuries or fatalities but the windows of the building were shattered.



United States

North America

region/u.s. state:


West Point

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Bombing/Explosion
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Government (General)
Name of Entity Courthouse
Specific Description Clay County Courthouse
Nationality of Target United States
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Minor (likely < $1 million)
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives Dynamite/TNT
Weapon Details
Several sticks of dynamite were thrown, from a car, at the courthouse.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Additional Information Police, at the time, suspected that this attack was linked to dissatisfaction over integration of the schools. John Thomas, John Buffington, and three other Blacks were charged with conspiracy but no individual was indicted.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Black Nationalists No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators Unknown
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 0 Fatalities / 0 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 0
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 0
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"Miss. City Is Desegregation Trouble Spot," Chicago Daily Defender, January 29, 1970.
"Black, White Killings in South, West Trigger Racial Skirmishes," New Pittsburgh Courier, October 30, 1971.
Christopher Hewitt, "Political Violence and Terrorism in Modern America: A Chronology," Praeger Security International, 2005.