Incident Summary:

4/17/1970: Suspected members of the Black Panther Party ambushed a police paddy wagon carrying two police officers and four prisoners in Oakland, California, United States. Both police officers were critically wounded. In the ensuing car chase, the perpetrators threw fragmentation grenades at police vehicles causing major damage. Two of the assailants were eventually captured.

GTD ID:
197004170001

When:
1970-04-17

Country:
United States

Region:
North America

Province/administrative
region/u.s. state:

California

City:
Oakland

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Armed Assault
Type of Attack (more) Bombing/Explosion
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Police
Name of Entity Oakland Police Department
Specific Description Oakland Police Paddy Wagon
Nationality of Target United States
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Minor (likely < $1 million)
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Firearms Automatic Weapon
Explosives/Bombs/Dynamite Grenade
Weapon Details
Automatic weapons and fragmentation grenades
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Additional Information The Black Panther Party denied involvement in the attack, however, one of the captured assailants, Lewis R. Williams, was a captain in the BPP.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Black Panthers (suspected) No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators 2
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 0 Fatalities / 2 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 0
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 2
Number of U.S. Injured 2
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
Sources
Committee on Government Operations United States Senate, "Riots, Civil, and Criminal Disorders," U.S. Government Printing Office, August 6, 1970.
"5 Killed by Tornado in Mississippi," Washington Post, April 20, 1970.
Christopher Hewitt, "Political Violence and Terrorism in Modern America: A Chronology," Praeger Security International, 2005.