Incident Summary:

4/13/1975: A group of Phalangists opened fire on a bus full of Palestinians, killing 22 in Beirut, Lebanon. The attack was in retaliation for an attack earlier that day in which 4 Phalangists were killed. The events of this day sparked the civil war.

GTD ID:
197504130001

When:
1975-04-13

Country:
Lebanon

Region:
Middle East & North Africa

Province/administrative
region/u.s. state:

Mount Lebanon

City:
Ain Al-Remmane

Location Details:
In a Christian neighborhood

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Armed Assault
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Terrorists/Non-state Militia
Name of Entity Palestinian Militants
Specific Description Palestinian Militants
Nationality of Target Lebanon
Additional Information
Hostages No
Property Damage No
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Firearms Unknown Gun Type
Weapon Details
No additional information available.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Additional Information Deaths range from 22 to 26 people.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Phalange No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 22 Fatalities
Total Number of Fatalities 22
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured Unknown
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
Sources
"Juan de Onis, "Shoot Flares in Beirut; Effort for Cabinet Falters," New York Times, May 31, 1975."
"Lebanon (Civil War 1975-1991)," Global Security."
"Juan de Onis, "22 Palestinians Killed in Beirut," New York Times, April 14, 1975."