Incident Summary:

12/24/1995: Member of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF), Kevin Tubbs, placed three timed incendiary devices on three ice cream trucks at the Dutch Girl Dairy ice cream shop in Eugene, Oregon in the United States. Two of the devices, all of which were made of one-liter plastic bottles filled with a flammable liquid and a timing device, consisting of paper matches wrapped around an incense stick which was placed into a fuel-soaked kitchen sponge, ignited two trucks. The third device malfunctioned and was discovered in the wheel of the truck after a security guard and the fire department extinguished the first two fires; the device was rendered safe. The two truck fires caused over $15,000 in damages, but there were no casualties in the incident. After 6 years of ecotage and arson attacks, Tubbs was finally captured in 2005 and indicted for his crimes in 2006; in 2007, Tubbs was sentences to 12 years and 7 months in prison.



United States

North America

region/u.s. state:



Location Details:
The incident occurred on Grant Street.

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Facility/Infrastructure Attack
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Business
Name of Entity Dutch Girl Dairy
Specific Description three ice cream trucks belonging to Dutch Girl Dairy in Eugene, OR
Nationality of Target United States
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Minor (likely < $1 million)
Value of Property Damage $15,000.00
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Incendiary Gasoline or Alcohol
Weapon Details
incendiary devices were two one-liter plastic bottles filled with a flammable liquid and a timing device, consisting of paper matches wrapped around an incense stick which was placed into a fuel-soaked kitchen sponge
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Additional Information In addition to the incendiaries, Tubbs also spray painted "ALF" and "Go Vegan" on the trucks. This was the first of a 6 year-long series of arson and ecotage attacks by a group calling itself, "The Family," which was made up of about 20 individuals who were members of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) and Earth Liberation Front (ELF). Between 1995 and 2001, the group committed nearly 20 attacks in the names of ELF and ALF. By 2006, all but four of the perpetrators had been captured for their roles in various incidents, and by 2008, the 16 indicted members had been convicted and sentenced for their crimes. Four remained fugitives. Kevin Tubbs was sentenced to 12 years and 7 months in prison.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Group Sub-name Claimed Responsibility
Animal Liberation Front (ALF) The Family Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Note left at scene)
Earth Liberation Front (ELF) The Family No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 1
Number of Captured Perpetrators 1
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 0 Fatalities / 0 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 0
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 0
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
Brent L. Smith and Kelly R. Damphousse, " Patterns of precursor behaviors in the life span of a U.S. environmental terrorist group," Criminology & Public Policy, Volume 8, Issue 3, 2009.
U.S. Government’s Sentencing Memorandum for CR 06-60069, CR 06-60070, CR 06-60071, CR 06-60078, CR 06-60079, CR 06-60080, CR 06-60120, CR 06-60122, CR 06-60123, CR 06-60124, CR06-60125, and CR 06-60126. U.S. District Court: District of Oregon, Eugene, 2007.
Jeff Barnard, "Animal Liberation Front arsonist faces sentencing in Oregon court," Associated Press State & Local Wire, May 24, 2007.