Incident Summary:

05/09/1999: A suspected anti-independence militia group opened fire on pro-independence supporters in the center of Dili, East Timor, Indonesia. The attack resulted in the death of one student protester.




Southeast Asia

region/u.s. state:



Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Armed Assault
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Civilians
Specific Description A pro-independence East Timorese student and a local villager
Nationality of Target Indonesia
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage No
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Firearms Unknown Gun Type
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information Although no group claimed responsibility for the attacks, the attackers were pro-Indonesian supporters who opposed an independent East Timor state. The possibility and degree of state involvement with these types of pro-Indonesia/anti-independence incidents is unknown. The pro-Indonesian militias in East Timor during this time were independent with the tacit support of the government.  While the Indonesian government did not necessarily train or regularly supply these militias, they did not intercede in any of their operations. 
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Aitarak Militia (suspected) No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 1 Fatalities / 1 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 1
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 1
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"Pro-Jakarta Group Opens Fire in E. Timor, 1 Dead," Kyodo, May 9, 1999.