Incident Summary:

05/09/1999: Four members of the Earth and Animal Liberations Fronts (ELF and ALF), Jacob Ferguson, Stanislas Meyerhoff, Josephine Overaker, and Chelsea Gerlach, caused arson to the Boise Cascade wood products company in Monmouth, Oregon in the Unites States. The group placed two time-delayed electric incendiary devices on the building's exterior, at opposite corners of the building. The blasts caused the building to be completely destroyed, with damage estimated at $1,689,593. There were no casualties in the incident. The perpetrators sent out a communiqué, attributing the incident to ELF, and stating that Boise Cascade ravaged forests in the Pacific Northwest and the incident should be a warning "to all greedy multinational corporations who don't respect their ecosystems." The perpetrators were part of a group calling themselves "The Family," which committed nearly 20 arson and ecotage attacks over a 6 year period.



United States

North America

region/u.s. state:



Location Details:
at Boise Cascade wood products company at 450 N. Pacific Highway

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Facility/Infrastructure Attack
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Business
Name of Entity Boise Cascade
Specific Description wood products company in Monmouth, OR
Nationality of Target United States
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Major (likely > $1 million but < $1 billion)
Value of Property Damage $1,689,593.00
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Incendiary Gasoline or Alcohol
Weapon Details
buckets of fuel, placed in black garbage bags and then in large boxes wrapped in Christmas paper to further conceal them
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information Incident occurred between 1:00am and 4:00am. The perpetrators were part of a group calling themselves "The Family," which committed nearly 20 arson and ecotage attacks over a 6 year period. Ferguson became a government witness and in return, was sentenced to 2 years probation for his crimes during this 6 year period. Meyerhoff was sentenced to 13 years in prison; Gerlach was sentenced to 9 years; Overtaker remained fugitive.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Group Sub-name Claimed Responsibility
Animal Liberation Front (ALF) The Family No
Earth Liberation Front (ELF) The Family Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Letter)
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 4
Number of Captured Perpetrators 3
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 0 Fatalities / 0 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 0
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 0
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
U.S. Government’s Sentencing Memorandum for CR 06-60069, CR 06-60070, CR 06-60071, CR 06-60078, CR 06-60079, CR 06-60080, CR 06-60120, CR 06-60122, CR 06-60123, CR 06-60124, CR06-60125, and CR 06-60126. U.S. District Court: District of Oregon, Eugene, 2007.
FBI, "Terrorism in the United States: 1999," Counterterrosism Threat Assessment and Warning Unit, Counterterrorism Division, FBI, DOJ, 1999.
Legal Affairs Editors, "Animal Liberation Front and Earth Liberation Front Members Sentenced in Oregon for Acts of Eco-Terrorism in Five Western States," PR Newswire Association LLC, Public Interest Services, June 5, 2007.