Incident Summary:

05/21/2001: Five members of the Animal and Earth Liberations Fronts (ALF and ELF), Stanislas Meyerhoff, Suzanne Savoie, Daniel McGowan, Nathan Block, and Joyanna Zacher, destroyed two buildings, a trailer, and a total of 18 vehicles, in an arson they set using time-delayed incendiary devices, at Jefferson Poplar Farms just outside of Clatskanie, Oregon in the United States. In addition to the two devices which ignited outside the destroyed buildings, three more incendiaries failed to function at a third building. A storage building near by was spray painted with the words, "ELF," and "YOU CANNOT CONTROL WHAT IS WILD!" The total property loss was $994,412. There were no casualties in the incident. The perpetrators sent out a communique, claiming the incident in the name of ELF, and stating Jefferson Poplar Farm was targeted "because hybrid poplars are an ecological nightmare threatening native biodiversity in the ecosystem. Our forests are being liquidated and replaced with monocultured tree farms so greedy, earth raping corporations can make more money." This incident was one in a series of two on the same day, the second arson targeting the University of Washington's Horticulture Center in Seattle (52101). The perpetrators were part of a group calling themselves "The Family," which committed nearly 20 arson and ecotage attacks over a 6 year period.



United States

North America

region/u.s. state:



Location Details:
at Jefferson Poplar Farm at 79114 Collins Road five miles north of Clatskanie, OR

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Facility/Infrastructure Attack
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Business
Name of Entity Jefferson Poplar Farms
Specific Description buildings and vehicles at a farm which harvested hybrid poplar and cottonwood trees to be used in the manufacture of paper, outside Clatskanie, OR
Nationality of Target United States
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Minor (likely < $1 million)
Value of Property Damage $994,412.00
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Incendiary Gasoline or Alcohol
Weapon Details
buckets of fuel, timing devices, and gasoline-soaked cloth sheets to connect the vehicles
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?Yes
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information The incident occurred at about 2:23 a.m., and was one in a series of two attacks on this day. The second was an arson at the Horticulture Center at the University of Washington in Seattle. The perpetrators were part of a group calling themselves "The Family, "which was made up of members of both ELF and ALF, and various combinations of members from the group committed nearly 20 arson and ecotage attacks over a 6 year period. Meyerhoff was sentenced to 13 years in prison, Savoie was sentenced to 4 years and 3 months, McGowan to 7 years, and Block and Zacher were each sentenced to 92 months in prison, for their respective involvement in various incidents over the course of the 6 years.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Group Sub-name Claimed Responsibility
Animal Liberation Front (ALF) The Family No
Earth Liberation Front (ELF) The Family Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Letter)
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 5
Number of Captured Perpetrators 5
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 0 Fatalities / 0 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 0
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 0
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
U.S. Government's Sentencing Memorandum for CR 06-60069, CR 06-60070, CR 06-60071, CR 06-60078, CR 06-60079, CR 06-60080, CR 06-60120, CR 06-60122, CR 06-60123, CR 06-60124, CR06-60125, and CR 06-60126. U.S. District Court: District of Oregon, Eugene, 2007.
FBI, "Terrorism 2000/2001,"FBI, DOJ, 2001.
Legal Affairs Editors, "Animal Liberation Front and Earth Liberation Front Members Sentenced in Oregon for Acts of Eco-Terrorism in Five Western States," PR Newswire Association LLC, Public Interest Services, June 5, 2007.