Incident Summary:

06/28/2001: An army general, Justo Oreja, 63, and bystanders were wounded by a parcel bomb explosion detonated via a remote-controlled device hidden in a rucksack on a parked bicycle in central Madrid. The attack was blamed on the Basque separatist group Euskadi ta Askatasuna (ETA).




Western Europe

region/u.s. state:



Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Bombing/Explosion
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Military
Name of Entity Spanish Defense Ministry / Army
Specific Description Army General General Justo Oreja, 63, who works at the defense ministry for the department in charge of the armed forces' spending
Nationality of Target Spain
Additional Information
Hostages No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Major (likely > $1 million but < $1 billion)
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives/Bombs/Dynamite Letter Bomb
Weapon Details
The cause of the explosion was a remote-controlled device hidden in a rucksack on a parked bicycle,
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information Police said an anonymous phone call had warned of the bomb in the bicycle abandoned next to the Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria Bank (BBVA), where the explosion happened.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Basque Fatherland and Freedom (ETA) Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Call (pre-incident))
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 0 Fatalities / 16 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 0
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 16
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
Jane Walker, “General among 16 injured by parcel-bomb blamed on ETA,” The Irish Times, June 29, 2001.
“Bomb explosions in Madrid leave 16 wounded,” Xinhua General News Service, June , 2001.
Dominique Orin, “Army general among 13 hurt in new Basque separatist attack,” Agence France Presse, June 28, 2001.