Incident Summary:

2/20/2002: Approximately 200 members of Maoist Communist Center (MCC) blocked the Patna-Ranchi national highway in Hazaribagh District, Jharkhand, India. The assailants opened fire on a large convoy of vehicles that stopped at the blockade; at least three people were killed and another six were injured. Specific motive is unknown; however, the attack occurred during a general strike called for by the MCC in protest of the Prevention of Terrorism Ordinance (POTO).




South Asia

region/u.s. state:


Hazaribagh district

Location Details:
Along the Patna-Ranchi national highway in Hazaribagh District, near the Hazaribagh National Park

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Armed Assault
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Civilians
Specific Description Civilians stopped at a road blockade on the Patna-Ranchi national highway
Nationality of Target India
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Unknown
Extent of Property Damage Unknown
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Firearms Unknown Gun Type
Weapon Details
The assailants opened indiscriminate fire on the victims
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information Sources provide different numbers for fatalities; estimates range between three and four killed.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Maoist Communist Center (MCC) No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 200
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 3 Fatalities / 6 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 3
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 6
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"India: Maoists unleash widespread violence in Jharkhand, Bihar," Press Trust of India, February 20, 2002.
"Violence mars bandh," The Hindu, February 21, 2002.
"MCC kills 4 during bandh in Jharkhand," The Times of India, February 21, 2002.