Incident Summary:

3/19/2002: Economist Marco Biagi was shot outside his apartment in Bologna, Italy by two members of the Red Brigades. Biagi was the author of a labor reform plan that was violently opposed by unions and leftists. The Red Brigades Fighting Communist Party claimed responsibility in a 26-page communiqué. The document accused Biagi of betraying the proletariat by working on controversial legislation aimed at improving flexibility within Italy’s labor market. Forensics revealed that the gun that was used to kill Biagi was the same one that had killed a government advisor, Massimo D'Antona in 1999. In addition, Biagi's door was marked with two five pointed stars in a circle; the same symbol that was found on the door of Prime Minister Aldo Moro, when he was was murdered more than two decades earlier.




Western Europe

region/u.s. state:



Location Details:
Biagi was shot outside his home in Bologna, Italy.

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Assassination
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Labor Reform Economist
Specific Description Marco Biagi
Nationality of Target Italy
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage No
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Firearms Handgun
Weapon Details
A 9 mm pistol, the same one that killed a government adviser, Massimo D'Antona in 1999.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information Nadia Desdemona Lioce , the leader of the Red Brigades, was among five terrorists sentenced to life on June 1, 2005 for their role in the murder of Marco Biagi.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Red Brigades Fighting Communist Union (BR-UCC) Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Posted to website, blog, etc.)
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 2
Number of Captured Perpetrators 15
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 1 Fatalities / 0 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 1
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 0
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
“Red Brigdes offshoot said it killed Italian Official,” St. Petersburg Times, March 22, 2002, NATIONAL; Pg. 18A
Agnew, Paddy. “ Model Worker Was Also Dangerous Urban Terrorist,” The Irish Times, November 12, 2003
“Suspected Red Brigades Terrorists Nabbed in Italy,” Deutsche Presse-Agentur, June 6, 2005