Incident Summary:

5/23/2002: A bomb hidden in a car exploded at the University of Navarre in Pamplona, Navarre, Spain. A local newspaper had received a call by Basque Fatherland and Freedom (ETA) before the bomb exploded, warning that it was there and giving a description of the vehicle it was hidden in. Police cleared the area before the explosion. Two people were injured and several buildings were damaged in the incident. Specific motive is unknown; however, the incident occurred just hours after Parliament agreed to move forward with outlawing the political party linked to ETA.




Western Europe

region/u.s. state:



Location Details:
In a parking lot behind the main admin building at the university.

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Bombing/Explosion
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Educational Institution
Name of Entity Spanish university
Specific Description University of Navarre
Nationality of Target Spain
Target Type: Police
Name of Entity Spanish police
Specific Description Police in the vicinity of the parking lot at the university
Nationality of Target Spain
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Civilians and civilian property
Specific Description Civilians and civilian vehicles in the parking lot at the University of Navarre
Nationality of Target Spain
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Unknown
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives/Bombs/Dynamite Vehicle
Weapon Details
Approximately 20 kilograms of explosives hidden in a car
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information One source notes that police believe that the car was stolen from France and that the license plate was handmade on a machine that the ETA had stolen a year and a half prior to the incident.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Basque Fatherland and Freedom (ETA) Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Call (pre-incident))
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 0 Fatalities / 2 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 0
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 2
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
Jerome Socolovsky, "Car bomb explodes in Spanish city of Pamplona - two injured," Associated Press, May 23, 2002.
"Update 2 - Two slightly hurt in Spanish bomb blast," Reuters News, May 23, 2002.
"Spain: ETA roving commando said behind Navarre car bomb," Madrid RNE Radio 1, May 24, 2002.