Incident Summary:

08/27/2004: A group calling itself the Islamic Army in Iraq (al-Jaish al-Islami fi al-Iraq) executed Italian journalist Enzo Baldoni after holding him for a week. The Arabic-language satellite news channel, Al-Jazeera, reported that it had received a videotape showing the journalist after his execution. The group had wanted Italy to withdraw its military contingent in Iraq, numbering 3,000 troops, in return for Baldoni’s release.




Middle East & North Africa

region/u.s. state:



Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Assassination
Type of Attack (more) Hostage Taking (Kidnapping)
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Journalists & Media
Name of Entity Italian Journalist
Specific Description Enzo Baldoni, an Italian journalist working in Baghdad
Nationality of Target Italy
Additional Information
Hostages Yes
Number of Hostages 1
US Hostages 0
Days of Kidnapping 7
Outcome Hostage(s) killed (not during rescue attempt)
Ransom No
Property Damage No
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Firearms Unknown Gun Type
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information The Italian government, a supporter of the US-led invasion of Iraq, rejected the kidnappers' ultimatum, saying it would maintain its civil and military presence in Iraq.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Islamic Army in Iraq (al-Jaish al-Islami fi al-Iraq) Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Video)
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 1 Fatalities / 0 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 1
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 0
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
“Islamist group executes Italian hostage in Iraq - Al-Jazeera,” AFX.COM, August 27, 2004.
“Islamist group executes Italian hostage in Iraq: Al-Jazeera,” Agence France Presse, August 27, 2004.
“Sistani-Sadr deal brings hope of peace to Najaf as kidnappers kill Italian hostage,” Agence France Presse, August 27, 2004.