Incident Summary:

04/11/2006: A suicide bomber climbed onto the stage at a religious ceremony organized by Sunni Jamaat-e-Ahle Sunnat commemorating the anniversary of the Prophet Muhammad's birth in the Nishtar Park area of Karachi, Pakistan and detonated, killing 57 people and injured up to 125 others. Authorities later indentified the head of the suicide bomber at the scene. No group claimed responsibility for the attack.

GTD ID:
200604110005

When:
2006-04-11

Country:
Pakistan

Region:
South Asia

Province/administrative
region/u.s. state:

Sindh

City:
Karachi

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Bombing/Explosion
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Government (General)
Name of Entity Government of Pakistan
Specific Description Religious ceremony in Nishtar Park area for Muhammad's birth
Nationality of Target Pakistan
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Religious Freedom in Pakistan
Specific Description Religious ceremony in Nishtar Park area for Muhammad's birth
Nationality of Target Pakistan
Additional Information
Hostages No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Unknown
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives/Bombs/Dynamite Suicide (carried bodily by human being)
Weapon Details
The bomber used about 11 pounds of explosives obtained locally according to Niaz Siddiqui, chief of police in Karachi. Siddiq's explosive jacket had 7/8 kg explosive and 3,000 ball bearing.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?Yes
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information --The event at Nishtar Park was the biggest such celebration in Pakistan, and about 50,000 people had gathered for the ceremony, including several prominent religious figures who were seated on a wooden stage directly at the center of the explosion. Prominent religious personalities, including Tehrik Awam Ahli-Sunnat chief Haji Mohammad Hanif Billo, Itikhar Bhatti, Abbas Qadri, Akram Qadri and Hafiz Mohammd Taqi, died in the blast. Investigators were looking into the fact that there might have been two suicide bombers or if the bomb was remote control, and later decided it was a suicide attack. --Soon after Tuesday's bombing, violence erupted in nearby southern areas of Karachi, where support runs high for Tehrik, Karachi's largest Sunni Muslim religious group, which had grieved that not enough security had been provided to their leaders and whose head died in this incident, as groups of youths burned at least three gas stations, buses, a fire truck, police van and ambulance. Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal [MMA] chief Qazi Hussain Ahmed blamed the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM), which had killed Sunni Tehrik leaders in the past. Suspicions as to who was behind the attack varied greatly, and the attack gained attention and comment around the world. --A three day mourning period afterwards was declared, which affected daily business. -- On 06/15/07, the Sindh Home Department identified Lashkar-e Jhangvi as the network behind the attack and Mohammad Siddiq as the bomber by matching the DNA taken from his head with that of his brother. Of the six remaining suspects involved, Mohammad Amin and Sultan were already in custody for the Allama Hasan Turabi murder case, and Mufti Zakir and Rehmatullah were arrested on June 15. The Anti-Terrorism Court (ATC) issued non-bailable warrants of absconding accused against the other three on July 26. On 07/13/07, the case went to trial at the ATC under charges of sections of PPC, Explosive Substance Act, and the Anti-Terrorism Act 1997. On Aug. 28, the case was adjourned for Sept. 8.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Lashkar-e-Jhangvi No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 7
Number of Captured Perpetrators 3
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 57 Fatalities / 125 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 57
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 1
Total Number of Injured 125
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
Sources
“Pakistan suicide bombing kills 57,” Agence France Presse -- English, April 11, 2006.
ZARAR KHAN, “Death toll from suicide bombing in Karachi rises to 57, more than 100 injured,” Associated Press Worldstream, April 11, 2006.
“Pakistan: Authorities Claim Nishtar Park Suicide Bomber Identified,” Karachi Dawn (Internet Version-WWW) in English, June 16, 2007.