Incident Summary:

01/30/2008: Unknown perpetrators detonated a bomb at a political rally in Birgunj in southern Nepal, about 100 miles south of Katmandu, killing no one and injuring forty-five others. There were no claims of responsibility, however, it suspected that an armed and radical Mahadhesi group was involved. Several ethnic rights groups earlier called a general strike in the area to try to disrupt the rally, one of them being the Mahadhesi. The group thus became a suspect in the explosion. They had made claims that their goal was to have the government agree to grant the fertile plains region greater autonomy in southern Nepal, more seats in the national legislature and a guaranteed number of representatives in the administration. Three suspects were arrested.




South Asia

region/u.s. state:



Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Bombing/Explosion
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Nepal political system
Specific Description Nepal political rally
Nationality of Target Nepal
Additional Information
Hostages No
Property Damage Unknown
Extent of Property Damage Unknown
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives/Bombs/Dynamite Unknown Explosive Type
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information Largest of a few bombings aimed at political rally.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Unknown No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators Unknown
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 0 Fatalities / 45 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 0
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 45
Number of U.S. Injured Unknown
Number of Perpetrators Injured Unknown
Binaj Gurubacharya, “Bombs explode in southern Nepal ahead of rally by ruling parties,” The Associated Press, January 30, 2008.
Sam Taylor, “Nepal election rally bombed, 45 hurt: police,” Agence France Presse – English, January 30, 2008.
Binaj Gurubacharya, “Bombs disrupt political rally in southern Nepal, 44 wounded,” The Associated Press, January 30, 2008.