Incident Summary:

08/20/2008: On Wednesday, a total of 28 people were killed and 39 wounded by Union of Islamic Courts (UIC) militants from the Hizbul Shabaab group after clashes erupted in Kismayo, Ubbada Hose province, Somalia. UIC militants detonated a landmine against a truck carrying clan militias and then began an armed attack against the town of Kismayo in an attempt to take it over. The fighting continued throughout the following day until Thursday evening on 08/21/2008. No reports of damages and no claim of responsibility were made for the incident.




Sub-Saharan Africa

region/u.s. state:

Lower Juba


Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Armed Assault
Type of Attack (more) Bombing/Explosion
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity
Specific Description Indiscriminate Somali citizens were also targeted.
Nationality of Target Somalia
Target Type: Terrorists/Non-state Militia
Name of Entity
Specific Description Somali clan militias
Nationality of Target Somalia
Additional Information
Hostages No
Property Damage Unknown
Extent of Property Damage Unknown
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives/Bombs/Dynamite Land Mine
Firearms Unknown Gun Type
Weapon Details
A landmine was used in the bombing attack and unknown firearms were used in the firearm attack.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information The available sources listed the fatalities for these attacks from 20 to 35, and the injuries for these attacks from eight to 70, so these figures have been averaged in order to preserve statistical accuracy in the database.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Group Sub-name Claimed Responsibility
Al-Shabaab Hizbul Shabaab No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 28 Fatalities / 39 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 28
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 39
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"Africa News, "Somalia; Kismayo Fighting 'Clan Related'," Lexis Nexis, Africa News, August 21, 2008."
"Garrowe Online, "Death Toll Hits 20 As Al Shabaab Capture Kismayo," August 21, 2008,"