Incident Summary:

01/15/2016: Assailants armed with explosive devices and firearms attacked the Splendid Hotel in Ouagadougou, Centre region, Burkina Faso. At least 126 people were held hostage inside the hotel until security forces rescued them the following day. This was one of three coordinated assaults targeting public businesses in Ouagadougou overnight. At least 34 people, including four assailants, were killed and 33 others, including soldiers, were injured across all three incidents. Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) claimed responsibility and stated that the attacks were carried out in retaliation for Western operations in Muslim countries.



Burkina Faso

Sub-Saharan Africa

region/u.s. state:



Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Armed Assault
Type of Attack (more) Bombing/Explosion
Type of Attack (more) Hostage Taking (Barricade Incident)
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Business
Name of Entity Splendid Hotel
Specific Description Hotel
Nationality of Target Burkina Faso
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Not Applicable
Specific Description Civilians
Nationality of Target Multinational
Additional Information
Hostages Yes
Number of Hostages 126
US Hostages 0
Outcome Hostage(s) released by perpetrators
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Minor (likely < $1 million)
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives/Bombs/Dynamite Unknown Explosive Type
Firearms Automatic Weapon
Incendiary Arson/Fire
Weapon Details
Explosive devices, AK-47 assault rifles, and fire were used in the attack.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?Yes
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information Casualty numbers for this incident represent a division of a cumulative total of killed and wounded across incidents 201601150001, 201601150002, and 201601160001. Casualty numbers for this incident conflict across sources. Following GTD protocol, the most recent reliable estimates are reported here.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Group Sub-name Claimed Responsibility
Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) Al-Mourabitoun Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: E-mail)
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 6
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 13 Fatalities / 11 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 13
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 3
Total Number of Injured 11
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"29 Killed, Including 10 Foreigners, In Al Qaeda Attack On Burkina Hotel," AFP (World Service), January 17, 2016.
"Security Forces Hunt Possible Surviving Burkina Hotel Attackers," AFP (World Service), January 17, 2016.
"Burkina Faso attack demonstrates al Qaeda revival in Africa," CNN, January 16, 2016.