Incident Summary:

03/22/2016: Two suicide bombers with explosives-laden suitcases detonated at a check-in counter at Brussels Airport in Zaventem, Flanders, Belgium. In addition to the two bombers, at least 16 people were killed, including four United States citizens, in the blasts. A third explosive device was discovered and defused by security following the incident. This was one of two coordinated attacks targeting transportation infrastructure in Brussels on the same day. Additionally, at least 270 people were injured across both incidents. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) claimed responsibility and stated that the attacks were carried out in retaliation for Belgium's participation in a coalition against ISIL.




Western Europe

region/u.s. state:



Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Bombing/Explosion
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Airports and Aircraft
Name of Entity Brussels Airport
Specific Description Departure Hall
Nationality of Target Belgium
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Not Applicable
Specific Description Civilians
Nationality of Target Multinational
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Unknown
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives Suicide (carried bodily by human being)
Weapon Details
Three explosives-laden suitcases containing TATP explosives and nails were used in the attack.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?Yes
Part of Multiple Incident?Yes
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information The victims included United States citizens Bruce Baldwin, Stephanie Shults, Justin Shults, Gail Minglana Martinez, Mason Wells, Joseph Empey, Richard Norby, Lieutenant Colonel Kato Martinez, and French citizen Fanny Clain. The victims included citizens from Belgium, China, Colombia, Ecuador, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Liberia, Morocco, the Netherlands, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Casualty numbers for this incident conflict across sources. Following GTD protocol, the most recent reliable estimates are reported here. Wounded numbers for this attack represent a division of a cumulative total of killed and wounded across incidents 201603220001 and 201603220002.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Posted to website, blog, etc.)
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 3
Number of Captured Perpetrators 1
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 18 Fatalities / 135 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 18
Number of U.S. Fatalities 4
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 2
Total Number of Injured 135
Number of U.S. Injured 8
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"Belgium attacks: Mohamed Abrini 'admits being man in the hat'," BBC, April 9, 2016.
"Brothers ID'd as suicide bombers in Belgium, 1 suspect 'on the run'," CNN, March 24, 2016.
"Brussels - Belgium names suicide bomber brothers as nation mourns," AFP (North European Service), March 23, 2016.