Incident Summary:

12/10/2016: An explosives-laden vehicle detonated outside the Vodafone Arena during a soccer match in Besiktas area, Istanbul, Turkey. This was one of two coordinated attacks in the area within a short period of time. At least 46 people were killed and 165 people were injured across both events; the victims included police officers and civilians. The Kurdistan Freedom Hawks (TAK) claimed responsibility for the incident and stated that the attack was carried out in retaliation for the Turkish government's imprisonment of Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) leader Abdullah Ocalan and for military operations against members of the Kurdish community. Sources also attributed the attack to the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).

GTD ID:
201612100001

When:
2016-12-10

Country:
Turkey

Region:
Middle East & North Africa

Province/administrative
region/u.s. state:

Istanbul

City:
Istanbul

Location Details:
The incident occurred in the Besiktas area.

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Bombing/Explosion
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Business
Name of Entity Vodaphone Arena
Specific Description Stadium
Nationality of Target Turkey
Target Type: Police
Name of Entity Turkish National Police (EGM)
Specific Description Officers
Nationality of Target Turkey
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Unknown
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives/Bombs/Dynamite Vehicle
Weapon Details
A remote-controlled explosives-laden vehicle containing approximately 900 pounds of explosive material was used in the attack.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?Yes
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information Casualty numbers conflict across sources. Following GTD protocol, the most recent reliable estimates are reported here. Casualty numbers represent a division of the total number of those killed and wounded across incidents 201612100001 and 201612100002.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Kurdistan Freedom Hawks (TAK) Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Posted to website, blog, etc.)
Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 23 Fatalities / 83 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 23
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 83
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
Sources
"Istanbul - Death toll after Turkey blasts rises to 44: minister," AFP (North European Service), December 12, 2016.
"Policeman dies following 2016 Istanbul terror attack," Anadolu Agency (AA), May 7, 2019.
"Toll in Besiktas attack rises to 46," Turkish Daily, January 5, 2017.