Incident Summary:

12/31/2018: An explosive device detonated in front of the South Seas Mall along Don Rufino Alonzo Avenue in Cotabato City, Maguindanao, Philippines. At least two people, identified as Jonathan Torrebiano and Mariam Kali, were killed and another 34 were injured in the attack. Another explosive device was discovered and defused. No group claimed responsibility for the incident; however, sources attributed the attack to the Maute Group and the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Movement (BIFM).




Southeast Asia

region/u.s. state:


Cotabato City

Location Details:
The incident occurred along Don Rufino Alonzo Street.

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Bombing/Explosion
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Business
Name of Entity South Seas Mall
Specific Description Mall
Nationality of Target Philippines
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Unknown
Extent of Property Damage Unknown
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives/Bombs/Dynamite Other Explosive Type
Weapon Details
An explosive device containing black powder, concrete nails, and firecrackers was used in the attack.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information Casualty numbers conflict across sources. Following GTD protocol, the most recent reliable estimates are reported here.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Movement (BIFM) No
Maute Group No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 1
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 2 Fatalities / 34 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 2
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 34
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"2 dead, 23 hurt in shopping mall blast," CNN, December 31, 2018.
"PNP releases photos of mall bombing suspects," Manila Times (Philippines), January 6, 2019.
"CCTV images of mall bomb suspects out," Philippine Star, January 5, 2019.