Incident Summary:

01/27/2019: A female suicide bomber detonated inside Our Lady of Mount Carmel Cathedral in Jolo, Sulu, Philippines. This was one of two suicide bombings at the church on the same day; this first blast was designed to draw in first responders. In addition to the two assailants, at least 22 people were killed and 101 other people were injured across both explosions. The victims included military personnel and civilians. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) claimed responsibility for the attack, although authorities questioned the veracity of this claim. Additionally, sources attributed the attack to the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) and Jamaah Ansharut Daulah.




Southeast Asia

region/u.s. state:



Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Bombing/Explosion
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Religious Figures/Institutions
Name of Entity Cathedral of Our Lady of Mount Carmel
Specific Description Cathedral
Nationality of Target Philippines
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Unknown
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives Suicide (carried bodily by human being)
Weapon Details
A pipe bomb, containing ammonium nitrate fuel oil (ANFO) and other explosives, was used in the attack.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?Yes
Part of Multiple Incident?Yes
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information The victims included 5 members of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), Sergeant Mark Des P. Simbre, Corporal John B. Mangawit, Corporal Minard Jann P. Ocier, Private First Class Alizon L. Ayoman, Private Hernan U. Bulaybulay, 1 member of the Philippine Coast Guard (PCG), Jaypee M. Galicha, and 20 civilians, Leo Herbolario, Bibing Perpetua, Reynaldo Pescadera, Ridzmar Mukadil, Romolo B. Reyes, Albacora Perpetua, Niseria Dela Cruz, Cecilia Sanchez, Daisy P. Delos Reyes, Dolores S. Tan, Fe Non, Juliet Jaime, Leah Angelica Reyes, and Chenly Rubio. Casualty numbers conflict across sources. Following GTD protocol, the most recent reliable estimates are reported here. Casualty numbers represent a division of the total number of those killed and wounded across incidents 201901270003 and 201901270004.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Group Sub-name Claimed Responsibility
Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) Ajang-Ajang Group No
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) (suspected) Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Posted to website, blog, etc.)
Jamaah Ansharut Daulah No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 1
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 12 Fatalities / 51 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 12
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 1
Total Number of Injured 51
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"Philippines church bomb attack kills 21," BBC, January 27, 2019.
"Indonesian couple with ties to JAD behind Jolo church attack: Police," Jakarta Post, July 24, 2019.
"Philippines bombing suspect surrenders," Phnom Penh Post, February 6, 2019.