Incident Summary:

11/20/2019: Assailants shot and killed Almaas Elman, a human rights activist, in Mogadishu, Somalia. No group claimed responsibility for the incident.




Sub-Saharan Africa

region/u.s. state:



Location Details:
The incident occurred near the Aden Adde International Airport.

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Assassination
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: NGO
Name of Entity Elman Peace and Human Rights Centre
Specific Description Head: Almaas Elman
Nationality of Target Somalia
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Minor (likely < $1 million)
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Firearms Unknown Gun Type
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) Yes
Alternate Designation (more) Lack of Intentionality
Additional Information There is doubt that this incident meets terrorism-related criteria. Some sources suggested that the victim was killed by a stray bullet.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Unknown No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 1 Fatalities / 0 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 1
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 0
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"Somali Canadian activist killed by stray bullet, according to initial report," The Globe and Mail (Canada), November 23, 2019.
"Canadian-Somali human rights activist killed in Mogadishu," dpa-AFX International ProFeed, November 20, 2019.
"Former Diplomat Shot Dead Inside AU Base in Mogadishu," Shabelle Media Network (Mogadishu), November 20, 2019.