Incident Summary:

12/25/2019: Assailants executed eleven Christian hostages on camera in Borno, Nigeria. The video was posted online on December 26, 2019. The The Al-Barnawi faction of Boko Haram, also known as the Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP), claimed responsibility and stated that the attack was carried out in retaliation for the killings of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi and Abul-Hasan Al-Muhajir.




Sub-Saharan Africa

region/u.s. state:



Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Hostage Taking (Kidnapping)
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Not Applicable
Specific Description Civilians
Nationality of Target Nigeria
Additional Information
Hostages Yes
Number of Hostages 11
US Hostages 0
Outcome Hostage(s) killed (not during rescue attempt)
Ransom No
Property Damage No
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Firearms Unknown Gun Type
Melee Knife or Other Sharp Object
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Group Sub-name Claimed Responsibility
Boko Haram Al-Barnawi faction (Islamic State West Africa Province-ISWAP) Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Video)
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 11 Fatalities / 0 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 11
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 0
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"ISWAP releases video of Christian captives’ execution,", December 28, 2019.
"Isis release new video showing beheading of 10 Christian hostages; Terror group offshoot claims killings are retaliation for death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi," The Independent, December 27, 2019.
"Isis claims execution of 11 Christians in Nigeria in revenge for death of leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi," South China Morning Post, December 27, 2019.