Incident Summary:

06/30/2020: Assailants armed with machetes, sticks, and grenades attacked non-Oromo civilians and businesses in Shashamene, Oromia, Ethiopia. An unknown number of civilians were killed and injured, and hundreds of schools, businesses, and residences were set on fire during the attack. This was one of nine related attacks which occurred in the aftermath of the assassination of Hachalu Hundessa, a musician and civil rights activist. No group claimed responsibility for the incident; however, sources attributed the attack to the Oromo Liberation Front. Sources also noted that the assailants chanted "This land is Oromo land" during the assault and had a list of residents' names and their ethnicities which they used to target non-Oromo residents.




Sub-Saharan Africa

region/u.s. state:



Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Armed Assault
Type of Attack (more) Facility/Infrastructure Attack
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Business
Name of Entity Unknown
Specific Description Shops
Nationality of Target Ethiopia
Target Type: Educational Institution
Name of Entity Unknown
Specific Description Schools
Nationality of Target Ethiopia
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Not Applicable
Specific Description Houses
Nationality of Target Ethiopia
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Unknown
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives Grenade
Incendiary Arson/Fire
Melee Knife or Other Sharp Object
Weapon Details
Grenades, machetes, sticks, metal rods, stones, and fire were used in the attack.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?Yes
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Oromo Liberation Front No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators Unknown
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties Unknown
Total Number of Fatalities Unknown
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured Unknown
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"'We have nothing': Ethiopia's ethnic unrest leaves destruction in its wake," Agence France Presse, July 15, 2020.
"Ethiopia’s latest violence exposes…," WardheerNews, July 21, 2020.
"Ethiopia,Oromo region: police confirm death toll from attack reached 166,", July 6, 2020.