Incident Summary:

08/18/2020: Assailants attacked a military base along Kukawa - Kauwa border road in Kukawa, Borno, Nigeria. Three soldiers and eight assailants were killed and two soldiers and an unknown number of assailants were injured in the attack. Additionally, at least 100 people were abducted in the attack and the outcome of the kidnapping is unknown. The Al-Barnawi faction (Islamic State West Africa Province-ISWAP) of Boko Haram claimed responsibility for the incident.




Sub-Saharan Africa

region/u.s. state:



Location Details:
The incident occurred along the Kukawa - Kauwa border road.

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Armed Assault
Type of Attack (more) Hostage Taking (Kidnapping)
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Military
Name of Entity Nigerian Armed Forces
Specific Description Base
Nationality of Target Nigeria
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Not Applicable
Specific Description Civilians
Nationality of Target Nigeria
Additional Information
Hostages Yes
Number of Hostages 100
US Hostages 0
Outcome Unknown
Ransom No
Property Damage Unknown
Extent of Property Damage Unknown
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives Projectile (rockets, mortars, RPGs, etc.)
Firearms Unknown Gun Type
Weapon Details
Firearms mounted on trucks and rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs) were used in the attack.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information Casualty numbers conflict across sources. Following GTD protocol, the lowest reliable estimates are reported here.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Group Sub-name Claimed Responsibility
Boko Haram Al-Barnawi faction (Islamic State West Africa Province-ISWAP) Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: E-mail)
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 11 Fatalities / 2 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 11
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 8
Total Number of Injured 2
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured Unknown
"Three soldiers, eight insurgents killed in Kukawa attack- Nigerian Army," Premium Times, August 20, 2020.
"Insurgents Abduct About 100 People From Northeast Nigerian Town," BNN Bloomberg, August 19, 2020.
"Jihadists take hundreds hostage during raid in north-east Nigeria; Residents of Kukawa in Borno state had just returned home after almost two years displaced in refugee camps," The Guardian (London), August 19, 2020.