Incident Summary:

11/28/2020: Assailants attacked fishermen and farmers in Koshobe, Borno, Nigeria. At least 38 people were killed in this initial attack. Additionally, 49 farmers were lured by assailants requesting help to Koshobe from the nearby Zabarmari area. Upon arrival 43 of these farmers were questioned in small groups and systematically executed, while the remaining six sustained injuries and were released. Early reports suggested that an unknown number of women and girls were also abducted in the attack, but District Head Zanna Bukar later declared no one from the community was missing. The Shekau faction of Boko Haram claimed responsibility for the incident and stated that it was carried out in retaliation for the arrest of Bobo Haram members by farmers who turned them over to the military.




Sub-Saharan Africa

region/u.s. state:



Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Armed Assault
Type of Attack (more) Hostage Taking (Kidnapping)
Type of Attack (more) Facility/Infrastructure Attack
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Not Applicable
Specific Description Rice Farmers
Nationality of Target Nigeria
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Not Applicable
Specific Description Fishermen
Nationality of Target Nigeria
Additional Information
Hostages Yes
Number of Hostages 49
US Hostages 0
Outcome Combination
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Minor (likely < $1 million)
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Firearms Automatic Weapon
Incendiary Arson/Fire
Melee Knife or Other Sharp Object
Weapon Details
AK-47 assault rifles were used in the attack.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Group Sub-name Claimed Responsibility
Boko Haram Shekau faction Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Video)
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 100
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 81 Fatalities / 6 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 81
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 6
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"The Day Boko Haram Executed Dozens of Nigerian Farmers," The New York Times, December 11, 2020.
"UN, Nigerian Authorities: More Bodies Recovered After Boko Haram Massacre," New Delhi Times, December 3, 2020.
"Borno massacre: Death toll hits 110 as 43 buried News," Daily Trust Nigeria, November 30, 2020.