This month, the White House hosted a three-day summit on Countering Violent Extremism (CVE). The purpose of the summit was to discuss concrete steps the United States can take to develop community-oriented approaches to CVE. Speakers included President Obama, Vice President Joe Biden, Secretary of State John Kerry, Attorney General Eric Holder and START’s own William Braniff.
As a part of the summit, the White House released a strategy to counter domestic violent extremism that includes appointing a full-time CVE Coordinator at the Department of Homeland Security and partnering with three cities; Boston, Los Angeles and Minneapolis-St. Paul, to pilot programs that integrate communities, government service providers and law enforcement agencies to address violent extremism.
During his presentation, Braniff spoke about trends in worldwide and domestic terrorism, radicalization in the United States, lone-actor terrorism, and empirical research on countering violent extremism and community resilience. The presentation referenced the following projects funded by the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate (DHS S&T) and the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and the State Department:
- Global Terrorism Database (GTD)
- American Terrorism Study (ATS)
- United States Extremist Crime Database (ECDB)
- Building Resilience to Violent Extremism Among Somali-Americans in Minneapolis-St. Paul by Stevan Weine
- Profiles of Individual Radicalization in the United States (PIRUS)
- Understanding Law Enforcement Intelligence Practices by David Carter, Jeremy Carter and Steven Chermak
- Transcending Organization: Individuals and the Islamic State by Jarret Brachman and Arie Kruglanski
- ISIL: Branding, Leadership Culture and Lethal Attraction by Gina Ligon
- Measuring Political Radicalization: Diaspora Support for Terrorism among Ottawa's Lebanese Muslim Communities by Clark McCauley
- Big, Allied, and Dangerous (BAAD)
- U.S. Attitudes Toward Terrorism and Counterterrorism
The presentation slides can be seen here.
In addition to Braniff’s speech, START received another mention at the summit – this time by Attorney General Eric Holder. Holder told attendees that the administration was initiating two studies as a part of its counterterrorism effort, including one at the University of Maryland exploring the similarities between violent extremist groups and criminal gangs, which is a reference to an upcoming START project funded by the National Institutes of Justice (NIJ).
On Sunday, February 22, Braniff appeared on C-SPAN’s Washington Journal to discuss his experience at the summit. Braniff said “I learned that there is a group of really charged-up people who are excited to be recognized domestically for really trying to push this agenda forward (despite) an uphill battle.”
When asked what one of his major takeaways from the event was, Braniff responded “The most common critique don’t spend enough time talking about ideology. At the summit, there was a lot of discussion of the ‘root’ causes of terrorism; things like poor governance or poor economic performance and how that can drive people into the arms of extremism. While that’s certainly part of the story…in the short term, we have to understand the road map to action; the thing that takes people with a set of potential grievances and convinces them that it’s their individual duty to engage in violent extremism,” adding, “Communities are the ones who typically lead in CVE efforts, not the government.”
To view a video Braniff’s full White House presentation, click here and skip to roughly 45 minutes and 31 seconds.