Late Friday evening on July 15, 2016, Turkish soldiers shut down bridges crossing the Bosphorus in Istanbul and flew jets low in the skies over Ankara and other cities. Sonic booms were indistinguishable from explosions throughout the night. The Parliament building, the Türksat telecommunications building, and the headquarters of the police special operations, or the Jandarma, were bombed. Attacks were attempted at the headquarters of the General Staff, the headquarters of Turkish intelligence (MİT), the Presidential Palace, and the hotel where President Erdoğan was staying on the coast in Marmaris, among others – including attacks on the street between soldiers, police, and civilians. Nearly 300 soldiers and civilians lost their lives: 179 civilians, 62 police officers, 24 pro-coup soldiers and five soldiers. The count of wounded is estimated to be between two and three thousand.
McGrath, Erin. 2016. "Potential implications of the attempted coup d’etat and counter-coup in Turkey for domestic politics and regional security." START (October). https://www.start.umd.edu/news/potential-implications-attempted-coup-d-etat-and-counter-coup-turkey-domestic-politics-and