Why do some ethnopolitical organizations use violence? Research on substate violence often uses the state level of analysis, or only analyzes groups that are already violent. Using a resource mobilization framework drawn from a broad literature, we test hypotheses with new data on hundreds of violent and non-violent ethnopolitical organizations in Eastern Europe and Russia. Our study finds interorganizational competition, state repression and strong group leadership associated with organizational violence. Lack of popularity and holding territory are also associated with violence. We do not find social service provision positively related to violence, which contrasts with research on the Middle East.
Asal, Victor and Brian J. Phillips. 2015. "What Explains Ethnic Organizational Violence? Evidence from Eastern Europe and Russia." Conflict Management and Peace Science (November): 1-21. http://cmp.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/11/27/0738894215614504.abstract