A Department of Homeland Security Emeritus Center of Excellence led by the University of Maryland

BAAD - Caucasus Emirate - 2009


Caucasus Emirate

The Caucasus Emirate is an Islamist militant organization in the North Caucasus region founded by Doku Umarov in 2007.[1] The aim of the Caucasus Emirate is the creation of an independent Islamic state in the North Caucasus ruled via sharia law.[2] The group draws membership from various provinces located in the North Caucasus, including Chechnya, Ingushetia, Ossetia, Dagestan, the United Provinces of Balkaria, Karachai and Kabardia, Krasondar Krai and Stavropol Krai.[3] With an estimated size of 400 to 1,500 members, the Caucasus Emirate operates in a cell structure with many independent groups across Chechnya and Europe.[4]

Caucasus Emirate associates with several other Islamic organizations, including al-Qa’ida, the Taliban and the Islamic Jihad Group.[5] Caucasus Emirate has been responsible for various suicide bombings against civilian targets in Russia, including an attack at the Domodedovo airport on January 24, 2011.[6] The group launched a series of bombing attacks against civilians in Moscow that killed dozens from 2010 to 2011. In 2013, leader Doku Umarov also called for attacks against the Sochi Olympics.[7] In March 2014, the Caucasus Emirate leader Doku Umarov was announced dead and Ali Abu Mohammad was elected as the new leader of the group.[8] View full narrative

Quick Facts for 2009


140 (Total of 1998 through 2012)

Religious, Ethnic, Separatist


Territorial Control:
Does Not Control Territory (0)

Funding through Drug Trafficking:

Sorry, but there are no organizational details available for this group at this time.


Primary Ideology

  • Ag = Anti-Globalization
  • An = Anarchist
  • En = Ethnic
  • Ev = Environmental
  • Le = Leftist
  • Re = Religious
  • Ri = Rightist
  • Se = Separatist
  • Su = Supremacist
  • Vi = Vigilante


  •  Ally
  •  Suspected Ally
  •  Rival
  •  Violence
  •  Mixed Relations


  •  Blue 0 - 1479 fatalities
  •  Green 1479 - 2958 fatalities
  •  Yellow 2958 - 4437 fatalities
  •  Orange 4437 - 5916 fatalities
  •  Red 5916 - 7396 fatalities

Lethality is calculated as the total number of fatalities from 1998-2012.


Icon sizes depict approximate relative sizes of the organizations.

  • Smallest 0 - 10 members
  •   11 - 100 members
  •   101 - 1000 members
  •   1001 - 10000 members
  • Largest > 10000 members

Other Notes

Icons with no color coding or ideology icon have no detailed data at this time, and are provided as relationship information only.