Incident Summary:

3/22/1970: In a series of related attacks, a suspected member of the Black Panther Party detonated a pipe bomb at the Electric Circus Discotheque in Manhattan New York, United States. Seventeen people were injured and the building sustained minor damages.



United States

North America

region/u.s. state:

New York

New York City

Location Details:

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Bombing/Explosion
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Business
Name of Entity Discotheque
Specific Description Electric Circus
Nationality of Target United States
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Minor (likely < $1 million)
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives Dynamite/TNT
Weapon Details
Pipe bomb made of dynamite and small caliber ammunition with a clock detonator
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?Yes
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Additional Information Part of a multiple attack with 197003220001 and 197003220002. Originally the police believed that the attack was part of a dispute between Hells Angels, but eventually police accused Ishmael Brown, a member of the Black Panther Party, of being the perpetrator. The Black Panther Party denied any involvement in the incident. Brown was killed when a bomb accidentally blew up in his apartment in what the police determined was a bomb factory. Police accused his roommate Godwin Bernard, who was injured in the apartment blast, of being the perpetrator in 197003220001 and 197003220002
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Black Panthers (suspected) No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 1
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 0 Fatalities / 17 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 0
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 17
Number of U.S. Injured 17
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
Committee on Government Operations United States Senate, "Riots, Civil, and Criminal Disorders," U.S. Government Printing Office, August 6, 1970.
Michael Knight, "15 at the Electric Circus Injured in Bomb Explosion," New York Times, March 23, 1970.
Lawrence Van Gelder, "Injured Bombing Suspect Is Arraigned in Hospital," New York Times, August 12, 1970.