Incident Summary:

3/7/1971: In a series of related events, unknown perpetrators firebombed the predominantly Black Holy Chapel church in Texarkana, Texas, United States. There were no casualties and the church sustained minor damages.



United States

North America

region/u.s. state:



Location Details:
The incident occurred at New Town Church.

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Facility/Infrastructure Attack
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Religious Figures/Institutions
Name of Entity Black Baptist Church
Specific Description Holy Chapel
Nationality of Target United States
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Minor (likely < $1 million)
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Incendiary Molotov Cocktail/Petrol Bomb
Weapon Details
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?Yes
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Additional Information Part of a multiple attack with 197103060001, 197103060002, and 197103070001. This incident took place during heightened racial tensions in Texarkana Texas after a large fight between Black and White students. Leaders of the Black community were unsure whether the attack was carried out by White Racists or Black radicals. Many Blacks were disappointed that the Churches did not open up their facilities for the 126 Black students expelled as a result of the fight. Black officials were afraid to speculate the identities of the perpetrators because they feared more reprisals.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Unknown No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators Unknown
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 0 Fatalities / 0 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 0
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 0
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
Homar Bigart, "Burned Churches Rebuilt in Texas," New York Times, June 21, 1972.
"Four Black Churches Fire Bombed in Texas," Jet Magazine, March 25, 1971.
"Bomb in Negro Church," New York Times, March 8, 1971.