Incident Summary:

5/23/1977-6/11/1977: A group of 4-6 South Moluccan gunmen seized control of an elementary school in the town of Bovensmilde in North Holland, Netherlands. 105 children and five teachers were taken hostage. The attack was coordinated with a simultaneous attack on a train (GTD case 197705230004). The South Moluccans demanded the release of 21 of their compatriots from Dutch jails. On May 26th, four of the children were released because they were sick. The next day the rest of the children were released because many of them appeared to be suffering from an illness similar to meningitis. On June 11, government forces simultaneously stormed the school and the train. No deaths were reported from the school.




Western Europe

region/u.s. state:



Location Details:
No additional location information is given

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Armed Assault
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Educational Institution
Name of Entity Elementary School
Specific Description School
Nationality of Target Netherlands
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Civilians
Specific Description 105 children and 5 teachers
Nationality of Target Netherlands
Additional Information
Hostages Yes
Number of Hostages 110
US Hostages 0
Days of Kidnapping 20
Outcome Combination
Ransom Yes
Total Ransom Amount Demanded 0.00
Ransom Amount Demanded from US Sources Unknown
Total Ransom Amount Paid Unknown
Total Ransom Amount Paid by US Sources Unknown
Ransom Notes The gunmen demanded the release of 21 South Moluccans jailed in the Netherlands on terrorism charges. They also demanded a plane to transport themselves and the jailed individuals to an unspecified location.
Property Damage No
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Firearms Unknown Gun Type
Weapon Details
No additional information available.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?Yes
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Additional Information Linked to case 197705230004. Number of gunmen involved ranges from 4-6.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
South Moluccans Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Personal claim)
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 4
Number of Captured Perpetrators Unknown
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 0 Fatalities / 0 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 0
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 0
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"Moluccans free ill child; terrorists refuse supplied," Associated Press, May 26, 1977.
"Terrorists free another hostage," Associated Press, June 9, 1977.
"Chronology of Seiges in Holland," Associated Press, June 12, 1977.