Incident Summary:

2/17/1984: Kenneth Shields, Thomas Spinks, and Michael Donald Bray placed anywhere between one and seven pipe bombs against the window of a bank located on the first floor of the building that housed the Hillcrest Clinic in Norfolk, Virginia, United States. The bombs exploded and shattered the bank's plate-glass windows. The clinic was not damaged. A message signed 'AOG' (Army of God) was discovered at the scene.



United States

North America

region/u.s. state:



Location Details:
Window of bank on first floor of building

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Bombing/Explosion
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Abortion Related
Name of Entity
Specific Description Hillcrest Clinic
Nationality of Target United States
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Minor (likely < $1 million)
Value of Property Damage $1,000.00
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives Pipe Bomb
Weapon Details
One to seven pipe bombs possibly placed in a cardboard box
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Additional Information The incident occurred in the early morning and the facility had previously received many bomb threats. Kenneth Shields, Thomas Spinks, and Michael Donald Bray were convicted of placing the bomb(s). There was a fire set at the same abortion clinic less than a year earlier (198305260011).
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Army of God Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Note left at scene)
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 3
Number of Captured Perpetrators 3
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 0 Fatalities / 0 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 0
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 0
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"Clinic Bombed," Times-News, February 18, 1984.
"Abortion Clinic Attacks," Washington Post, January 6, 1985.
"Chronological History of Arsons and Bombings Against Abortion Providers," National Abortion Federation.