Incident Summary:

6/21/1995: Two members of the Christian Knights of the Ku Klux Klan set fire to the Macedonia Baptist Church in Bloomville, South Carolina, United States. The Black Baptist church was completely destroyed.



United States

North America

region/u.s. state:

South Carolina

Near Manning

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Facility/Infrastructure Attack
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Religious Figures/Institutions
Name of Entity Black Baptist church in South Carolina
Specific Description Macedonia Baptist Church, Bloomville South Carolina
Nationality of Target United States
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Minor (likely < $1 million)
Value of Property Damage $80,000.00
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Incendiary Gasoline or Alcohol
Weapon Details
A liquid accelerant developed using gasoline and chain-saw oil. The liquid was poured on the floor of the church and set on fire.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Additional Information The previous day, Tim Welch and Gary Cox burnt down the Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church in Greeleyville South Carolina (199506200014). Six weeks before the incident, a poster was stapled to the door of the church stating "Warning, the KKK is watching you." Though he did not take part in setting the church on fire, fellow Klansman Arthur Haley (AKA Romeo) was found guilty of choosing the target and convincing Welch and Cox to commit the act of arson. Another Klansman, Hubert Rowell, was convicted of assisting Welch and Cox in creating the liquid accelerant. The Christian Knights of the Ku Klux Klan and their leader Horace King were later to be guilty of inciting violence and were fined $37.8 million. This fine was later reduced to $21.5 million.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Ku Klux Klan No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 2
Number of Captured Perpetrators 2
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 0 Fatalities / 0 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 0
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 0
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
Sandra E. Johnson, "Standing On Holy Ground: A Triumph Over Hate Crime in the Deep South," St. Martin's Press, 2002.
Eric Frazier, "Ex-Klansmen Indicted in Hate Crimes," The Post and Courier, August 17, 1996.
Hate and Extremism, "Macedonia v. Christian Knights of the Ku Klux Klan," Southern Poverty Law Center, 2010. .