Incident Summary:

09/09/1999: Chechen rebels were suspected of planting a bomb at an apartment building on Guryanova Street in the Pechatniky neighborhood in southeast Moscow, Russian Federation, which killed 90 people, injured at least 180 others and caused significant damage to the building. Witnesses said they saw four men, who were carrying heavy bags, leave the building by car shortly before the explosion. In 2004, Adam Dekkushev, 42, and Yusuf Krymshamkhalov, 37 were sentenced to life imprisonment for their parts in organizing and perpetrating this bombing, as well as the second Moscow apartment bombing and the Volgodonsk apartment bombing, all in September 1999.




Eastern Europe

region/u.s. state:



Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Bombing/Explosion
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Civilians
Specific Description Residents of an apartment building in Moscow, Russian Federation
Nationality of Target Russia
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Unknown
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives Other Explosive Type
Weapon Details
According to the FSB, the explosive was a mixture of industrially manufactured hexogen and trotyl, which was the equivalent of 350 kg of TNT. It was probably planted on the ground-floor and set off by several detonators.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?Yes
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information This was one of three related attacks (cf. 199909090002; 199909130003; 199909160002). By 2003, Investigators had determined that the following perpetrators were involved in the Moscow and Volgodonsk bombings: Emir al-Khattab, Abu Umar, Achemez Gochiyayev, Khakim Abayev, Denis Saitakov, Zaur Batchayev, Timur Batchayev, Adam Dekkushev and Yusuf Krymshamkhalov. Khattab, Umar, Z. Batchayev, and T. Batchayev had all reportedly died by this time, Abayev reportedly died in 2004, and Gochiyayev was still at large. Dekkushev and Krymshamkhalov were arrested in 2003 and sentenced for these attacks in 2004. These attacks, along with a fourth in Dagestan (cf. 199909040001) have often been cited as pretexts for Russia's military intervention in Chechnya, which began on October 1, 1999.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Group Sub-name Claimed Responsibility
Chechen Rebels (suspected) Commander Ibn al-Khattab No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 90 Fatalities / 180 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 90
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 180
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured Unknown
“Russian authorities act to halt wave of terrorism,” Agence France Presse, September 10, 1999.
Simon Saradzhyan and Oksana Yablokova, "Death Count Hits 90 in Blast," The Moscow Times, September 11, 1999.
“Two terrorists sentenced to life imprisonment in Moscow,” TASS, January 12, 2004.