Incident Summary:

10/01/1999: Twelve gunmen, calling themselves the Vigorous Burmese Student Warriors, seized the Myanmar Embassy in Bangkok, Thailand, taking thirty-eight people hostage. The gunmen demanded the release of all political prisoners in Myanmar, a meaningful dialogue between pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi and the military government, and the convening of an elected parliament. The hostages were released after one day when authorities granted the gunmen safe passage to the Thai-Myanmar border.




Southeast Asia

region/u.s. state:



Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Hostage Taking (Barricade Incident)
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Government (Diplomatic)
Name of Entity The Foreign Ministry of Myanmar
Specific Description Myanmar Embassy in Bangkok
Nationality of Target Myanmar
Additional Information
Hostages Yes
Number of Hostages 38
US Hostages 0
Days of Kidnapping 1
Outcome Hostage(s) released by perpetrators
Ransom No
Property Damage No
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Firearms Unknown Gun Type
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Vigorous Burmese Student Warriors Unknown
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 12
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 0 Fatalities / 0 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 0
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 0
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"Myanmar Rebels Release Hostages, fly out of Bangkok,” The Associated Press, October 3, 1999.
"Gunmen Fly out in Thailand Copters," The Hindu, October 3, 1999.
Gina Wilkinson, “Gunmen Free 23 Hostages and Fly out of Bangkok holding Thai Minister,” Agence France Presse, October 02, 1999.