Incident Summary:

09/15/2008: On Monday night just before midnight, three Gulf Cartel hit men from the Zetas threw two fragmentation grenades into a crowd of people celebrating Mexican Independence Day in the downtown square of Morelia, Michoacán state, Mexico. The blasts, which exploded almost at the same time within blocks of each other, killed eight people including civilians, police officers and rival cartel members, and injured at least 101. On 09/24/20008 on Wednesday, three suspected perpetrators, Juan Carlos Castro Galeana, Julio Cesar Mondragon Mendoza and Alfredo Rosas Elicea who are members of the Gulf Cartel’s Zetas, were arrested by police in Apatzingan. All three confessed to the grenade attack and claimed that it was carried out to provoke the government in the escalating war against drugs between the government and cartel members.

GTD ID:
200809150001

When:
2008-09-15

Country:
Mexico

Region:
North America

Province/administrative
region/u.s. state:

Michoacán

City:
Morelia

Location Details:
The bombing attack took place at the downtown square of Morelia, Michoacán state, Mexico.

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Bombing/Explosion
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Police
Name of Entity Morelia Law Enforcement
Specific Description Mexican police officers were also targeted.
Nationality of Target Mexico
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity
Specific Description Rival cartel members were also targeted.
Nationality of Target Mexico
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity
Specific Description A crowd of people celebrating Mexican Independence Day
Nationality of Target Mexico
Additional Information
Hostages No
Property Damage Unknown
Extent of Property Damage Unknown
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Explosives/Bombs/Dynamite Grenade
Explosives/Bombs/Dynamite Grenade
Weapon Details
Two fragmentation grenades were used in the bombing attack.
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) Yes
Alternate Designation (more) Other Crime Type
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Group Sub-name Claimed Responsibility
Gulf Cartel XOC - Los Zetas Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Personal claim)
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 3
Number of Captured Perpetrators 3
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 8 Fatalities / 101 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 8
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 101
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
Sources
"Associated Press, "Mexican AG: Gulf Cartel Suspected in Grenade Blast," Associated Press, September 23, 2008."
"Associated Press, "Mexico Arrests 3 Suspects in Grenade Attack," Associated Press, September 26, 2008."
"International Herald Tribune, "Grenade Attacks Kill 8 on Mexico's National Day," International Herald Tribune, September 16, 2008."