Incident Summary:

12/21/2015: Assailants opened fire on and stopped a passenger bus in El Wak, Mandera county, Kenya. The assailants attempted to separate Muslim and Christian civilians, but the passengers refused to meet their demands. At least three people were killed and another was injured in the assault. Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the attack.




Sub-Saharan Africa

region/u.s. state:


El Wak

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Armed Assault
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Transportation
Name of Entity Makkah Bus Company
Specific Description Bus
Nationality of Target Kenya
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage No
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Firearms Automatic Weapon
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information Casualty numbers for this attack conflict across sources. Following GTD protocol, the most recent reliable estimates are reported here.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Al-Shabaab Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Unknown)
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators 4
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 3 Fatalities / 1 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 3
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 1
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"Kenya's Police Chief Claims ISIL Faction of Al-Shabaab Behind 21 December Failed Mandera Bus Attack," BBC Online, December 24, 2015.
"Kenya: Muslims Reportedly Shield Christians From Suspected Al-Shabaab Attackers in Mandera," BBC Online, December 21, 2015.
"Muslim man dies after protecting Christian bus passengers from al-Shabaab terror attack in Kenya," The Independent, January 20, 2016.