Incident Summary:

03/20/2017: Assailants opened fire at a market in Zaki Biam, Benue, Nigeria. At least 73 people were killed, an unknown number of people were injured, and several houses were set on fire during the assault. No group claimed responsibility for the incident; however, residents attributed the attack to Fulani extremists, which police officials denied.




Sub-Saharan Africa

region/u.s. state:


Zaki Biam

Location Details:
The incident occurred in Ukum district.

Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Armed Assault
Type of Attack (more) Facility/Infrastructure Attack
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Zaki Biam International Yam Market
Specific Description Market
Nationality of Target Nigeria
Target Type: Private Citizens & Property
Name of Entity Not Applicable
Specific Description Houses
Nationality of Target Nigeria
Additional Information
Hostages No
Property Damage Yes
Extent of Property Damage Minor (likely < $1 million)
Value of Property Damage Unknown
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Firearms Unknown Gun Type
Incendiary Arson/Fire
Melee Knife or Other Sharp Object
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information Casualty numbers conflict across sources. Following GTD protocol, the most recent reliable estimates are reported here.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Fulani extremists (suspected) No
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 73 Fatalities
Total Number of Fatalities 73
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured Unknown
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"Benue market attack death toll rises to 52," Daily Trust Nigera, March 21, 2017."
"Massive forces deployment as Nigeria attack toll rises to 73," Africa Review, March 22, 2017."
"Again, gunmen kill 30 in Benue market," Daily Sun, March 20, 2017."