Incident Summary:

03/18/2019: An assailant opened fire on civilians on a tram in Utrecht, Netherlands. Four civilians were killed and eight civilians were injured in the attack. The assailant, Gokmen Tanis, claimed responsibility for the incident and stated in a note left at the scene, "in support of Islam." Moreover, he further stated "I do this for my faith, you want to kill Muslims and you want to steal our faith from us, but you will not succeed. Allah is great." Sources also noted that Tanis had previously been arrested for links to the Islamic State.




Western Europe

region/u.s. state:



Attack Information
Type of Attack (more) Armed Assault
Successful Attack? (more) Yes
Target Information (more)
Target Type: Transportation
Name of Entity Unknown
Specific Description Tram
Nationality of Target Netherlands
Additional Information
Hostages No
Ransom No
Property Damage No
Weapon Information
Type Sub-type
Firearms Unknown Gun Type
Additional Information
Suicide Attack?No
Part of Multiple Incident?No
Criterion 1 (more) Yes
Criterion 2 (more) Yes
Criterion 3 (more) Yes
Doubt Terrorism Proper (more) No
Additional Information Casualty numbers conflict across sources. Following GTD protocol, the most recent reliable estimates are reported here.
Perpetrator Group Information
Group Name Claimed Responsibility
Jihadi-inspired extremists Yes (Confirmed: Unknown; Mode: Note left at scene)
Perpetrator Statistics
Number of Perpetrators Unknown
Number of Captured Perpetrators 0
Casualty Information
Total Number of Casualties 4 Fatalities / 8 Injured
Total Number of Fatalities 4
Number of U.S. Fatalities 0
Number of Perpetrator Fatalities 0
Total Number of Injured 8
Number of U.S. Injured 0
Number of Perpetrators Injured 0
"The Hague - Fourth victim of Dutch tram shooting dies: prosecutors," AFP (North European Service), March 28, 2019.
"Deadly Utrecht attack leads to heightened security for Dutch Jews," Jerusalem Post, March 19, 2019.
"Utrecht - Three dead in Dutch shooting: Utrecht mayor," AFP (North European Service), March 18, 2019.